newspaper syndicate

also called  Press Syndicate, or Feature Syndicate,  

      agency that sells to newspapers and other media special writing and artwork, often written by a noted journalist or eminent authority or drawn by a well-known cartoonist, that cannot be classified as spot coverage of the news. Its fundamental service is to spread the cost of expensive features among as many newspapers (subscribers) as possible. Press syndicates sell the exclusive rights to a feature to one subscriber in each territory, in contrast to the wire news services (see news agency), which offer their reports to all papers in a given area. Some syndicates specialize in such entertainment features as comic strips, cartoons, columns of oddities or humour, and serialized novels. Typical syndicated features are columns of advice on child rearing, health, running a household, gardening, and such games as bridge.

      Syndicates came into being in the United States at the end of the Civil War. Individual features, however, had been syndicated as early as 1768 in the Journal of Occurrences, which was circulated by a group of “Boston patriots.” The syndicate filled a need among rural or small-town weekly and daily papers for material that would help them compete with big-city papers. Three syndicates were in operation in 1865, supplying miscellaneous feature news items and short stories. In 1870 Tillotson & Son, publishers in Bolton, Eng., began to supply some British papers with serialized fiction. By 1881 Henry Villard (Villard, Henry), a reporter for the Associated Press (AP), had founded his own syndicate in Washington, D.C., and was soon sending material to the Cincinnati Commercial, the Chicago Tribune, and the New York Herald. About 1884, Charles A. Dana of the New York Sun formed a syndicate to sell short stories by Bret Harte and Henry James. Samuel S. McClure launched a similar venture in the same year. He first offered fiction and secured the rights to several stories by Rudyard Kipling. He also helped to introduce the stories of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and others into the United States. The features offered at that time were mostly literary material and pictures. An important change came in 1896, however, when the big New York City Sunday newspapers began to produce and publish comic pages. In 1907 the comic strip was introduced in daily papers. This form of art gradually changed the whole character of the business and made it more profitable. The strips were shipped in matrix form to the subscribers for simultaneous publication. Originally, they were truly “comics” in that they were intended to make readers laugh, but later many became continued stories with no humour. When Bud Fisher's (Fisher, Bud) “Mutt and Jeff” was first bought and published in England in 1920, many British readers scoffed at the idea. It proved successful, and British editors later originated many strips in competition with the American products. By the late 1950s American comic strips were being translated into several languages and sold all over the world.

      Many writers, photographers, and graphic artists syndicate their own materials. Some newspapers with especially strong resources syndicate their own coverage, including news, to papers outside their own communities. Examples include the New York Times, with major resources in every news department, and the defunct Chicago Daily News, which was known for its foreign coverage. Papers sometimes syndicate as a team with another newspaper—e.g., the Los Angeles TimesWashington Post syndicate.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • syndicate — I UK [ˈsɪndɪkət] / US noun [countable] Word forms syndicate : singular syndicate plural syndicates a group of people or organizations that work together to achieve a particular aim international crime syndicates The jackpot prize was won by a… …   English dictionary

  • Syndicate — A group of banks that acts jointly, on a temporary basis, to loan money in a bank credit (syndicated credit) or to underwrite a new issue of bonds. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * ▪ I. syndicate syn‧di‧cate 1 [ˈsɪndkt] noun… …   Financial and business terms

  • syndicate — A group of banks that acts jointly, on a temporary basis, to loan money in a bank credit (syndicated credit) or to underwrite a new issue of bonds. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * ▪ I. syndicate syn‧di‧cate 1 [ˈsɪndkt] noun [countable] …   Financial and business terms

  • syndicate — syndicatable, adj. syndication, n. n. /sin di kit/; v. /sin di kayt /, n., v., syndicated, syndicating. n. 1. a group of individuals or organizations combined or making a joint effort to undertake some specific duty or carry out specific… …   Universalium

  • syndicate — syn|di|cate1 [ sındıkət ] noun count 1. ) a group of people or organizations that work together to achieve a particular aim: international crime syndicates The jackpot prize was won by a syndicate of four workmates. 2. ) an organization that… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • syndicate — [[t]sɪ̱ndɪkət[/t]] syndicates, syndicating, syndicated 1) N COUNT A syndicate is an association of people or organizations that is formed for business purposes or in order to carry out a project. They formed a syndicate to buy the car in which… …   English dictionary

  • syndicate — /sindakat/ An association of individuals, formed for the purpose of conducting and carrying out some particular business transaction, ordinarily of a financial character, in which the members are mutually interested. An organization formed for… …   Black's law dictionary

  • McNaught Syndicate — First episode of Alfred Andriola s Charlie Chan Sunday comic strip (October 30, 1938), distributed by the McNaught Syndicate. The daily strip began earlier that week (October 24, 1938). The McNaught Syndicate was an American newspaper syndicate… …   Wikipedia

  • McClure Syndicate — (aka McClure Newspaper Syndicate), the first American newspaper syndicate, introduced many American and British writers to the masses. Launched in 1884 by publisher Samuel S. McClure, it was the first successful company of its kind. It turned the …   Wikipedia

  • North American Newspaper Alliance — Ernest Hemingway (centre) while reporting on the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance in 1937. The North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) was a large newspaper syndicate that flourished between 1922 and 1980. Founded by …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.