Neutra, Richard Joseph

▪ Austrian-American architect
born April 8, 1892, Vienna, Austria
died April 16, 1970, Wuppertal, W.Ger.

      Austrian-born American architect known for his role in introducing the International Style into American architecture.

      Educated at the Technical Academy, Vienna, and the University of Zürich, Neutra, with the German architect Erich Mendelsohn, won an award in 1923 for a city-planning project for Haifa, Palestine (now in Israel). Neutra moved to the United States the same year, working briefly for the firm of Holabird and Roche in Chicago and at Taliesin in Spring Green, Wis., with Frank Lloyd Wright.

      Neutra's most important early work was the Lovell House, Los Angeles (1927–29), which has glass expanses and cable-suspended balconies and is stylistically similar to the work of Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in Europe. Throughout the 1930s he designed houses in the International Style.

      Shortly after World War II, Neutra created his most memorable works: the Kaufmann Desert House, Palm Springs, Calif. (1946–47), and the Tremaine House, Santa Barbara, Calif. (1947–48). Elegant and precise, these houses are considered exceptionally fine examples of the International Style. Carefully placed in the landscape, Neutra's houses often have patios or porches that make the outdoors seem part of the house. He believed that architecture should be a means of bringing man back into harmony with nature and with himself and was particularly concerned that his houses reflect the way of life of the owner.

      During the 1950s and '60s Neutra's works included office buildings, churches, buildings for colleges and universities, housing projects, and cultural centres. After 1966 he was in partnership with his son, the firm name becoming Richard and Dion Neutra Architects and Associates. He died while on a tour of Europe. Among his voluminous writings are Survival Through Design (1954), Life and Human Habitat (1956), and an autobiography, Life and Shape (1962).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NEUTRA, RICHARD JOSEPH — (1892–1970), U.S. architect. Born in Vienna, after World War I Neutra worked in Switzerland as a nurseryman and landscape gardener, an experience which helped to develop his remarkable talent for his buildings fitting into the landscape. In 1922… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Neutra, Richard (Joseph) — born April 8, 1892, Vienna, Austria died April 16, 1970, Wuppertal, W.Ger. Austrian born U.S. architect. Educated in Vienna and Zürich, Neutra moved to the U.S. in 1923. His most important early work was the Lovell House, Los Angeles (1927–29),… …   Universalium

  • Neutra, Richard (Joseph) — (8 abr. 1892, Viena, Austria–16 abr. 1970, Wuppertal, Alemania Occidental). Arquitecto estadounidense nacido en Austria. Educado en Viena y Zurich, se trasladó a EE.UU. en 1923. La más importante de sus primeras obras fue la casa Lovell en Los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Neutra, Richard Joseph — ► (1892 1970) Arquitecto de origen austríaco. Cuidó la relación entre la obra arquitectónica y el ambiente circundante. Autor de la casa Lowell en Los Ángeles …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richard Joseph Neutra — Richard Neutra Kaufman Desert House, Palm Springs, Californie Richard Joseph Neutra (né le 8 avril 1892 à Vienne – mort le 16 avril 1970 à Wuppertal) est considéré comme l un des architectes les plus importan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Neutra — Neutra, Richard Joseph …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Neutra Office Building — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Richard — /ri shahrd /; Fr. /rddee shannrdd /, n. Maurice /maw rees /; Fr. /moh rddees /, ( the Rocket ), born 1921, Canadian hockey player. /rich euhrd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Attlee… …   Universalium

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

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