Neto, Agostinho

▪ president of Angola
in full  António Agostinho Neto  
born Sept. 17, 1922, Icolo e Bengo, Angola
died Sept. 10, 1979, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.

      poet, physician, and first president of the People's Republic of Angola.

      Neto first became known in 1948, when he published a volume of poems in Luanda and joined a national cultural movement that was aimed at “rediscovering” indigenous Angolan culture (similar to the Negritude movement of the French-speaking African countries). His first of many arrests for political activities came shortly thereafter in Lisbon, where he had gone to study medicine.

      Neto returned home as a doctor in 1959 but was arrested in the presence of his patients in June 1960 because of his militant opposition to the colonial authorities. When his patients protested his arrest, the police opened fire, killing some and injuring 200. Neto spent the next two years in detention in Cape Verde and in Portugal, where he produced a new volume of verse. In 1962 he managed to escape to Morocco, where he joined the Angolan liberation movement in exile. At the end of 1962 he was elected president of the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola)).

      When in 1975 Angola became independent, it was divided among its three warring independence movements. The MPLA forces, however, with Cuban help, held the central part of the country, including the capital, and Neto, a Marxist, was proclaimed president.

      Neto was widely recognized as a gifted poet. His work was published in a number of Portuguese and Angolan reviews and was included in Mário de Andrade's Antologia da Poesia Negra de Expressão Portuguesa (1958).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Neto, Agostinho — (1922–1979)    Political leader of the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA), and first president of independent Angola, Neto was a leading African Marxist. Born in a village near Luanda, Angola, he was one of the fortunate few to… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Neto — (Agostinho) (1922 1979) homme politique et poète angolais. Il dirigea la lutte pour l indépendance et devint, en 1975, le premier président de la rép. pop. d Angola. Poète de langue portugaise, il a publié en 1974 l Espérance sacrée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agostinho Neto — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neto. Agostinho Neto Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agostinho Neto — Büste in Windhoek, Namibia António Agostinho Neto (* 17. September 1922 in Ícolo e Bengo, Angola; † 10. September 1979 in Moskau) war von 1975 bis 1979 der erste Präsident von Angola, Arzt, Dichter und nationalistischer Führer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agostinho Neto Pioneer Organization — ( pt. Organização de Pioneiros Agostinho Neto, OPA) is a pioneer movement in Angola. Founded as the Pioneers in 1975, the organization took the name of the nation s first president Agostinho Neto at its second conference in November 1979,… …   Wikipedia

  • Neto — se puede referir a: Neto, que puede significar como limpio o también como una cantidad restante; Neto, un sufijo usado en los países de habla portuguesa para distinguir a un nieto de su abuelo, cuando toma el mismo nombre propio: António… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Neto — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Agostinho Neto (1922 1979), erster Präsident von Angola Álvaro Affonso de Miranda Neto (* 1973), auch Doda, brasilianischer Springreiter Antônio de Sousa Neto Franco José Vieira Neto (* 1966),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agostinho — hace referencia a: António Agostinho Neto, primer presidente de Angola. Joaquim Agostinho, ciclista portugués. Joaquín Agostinho, futbolista portugués. Trofeo Joaquim Agostinho, competición ciclista internacional en Portugal. Esta página de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Neto —   [ nɛtu],    1) António Agostinho, angolanischer Politiker und Lyriker (in portugiesischer Sprache), * Kaxikane (bei Luanda) 17. 9. 1922, ✝ Moskau 11. 9. 1979; Arzt; zwischen 1952 und 1962 mehrfach in Haft, seit 1962 Vorsitzender des marxistisch …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Agostinho Neto — Infobox President|name=António Agostinho Neto order=1st President of Angola term start=11 November 1975 term end=10 September 1979 predecessor= successor=José Eduardo dos Santos birth date=birth date|1922|9|17|mf=y birth place=Bengo, Angola death …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.