NCR Corporation

▪ American company
formerly  (1884–1974) National Cash Register Co 

      ., American manufacturer of cash registers (cash register), computers, and information-processing systems, based in Dayton, Ohio, U.S.

      Although James Ritty invented the cash register in 1879, it was John H. Patterson (Patterson, John Henry) (1844–1922) who, through aggressive marketing and innovative production and sales techniques, made the cash register a staple of the marketplace. Dissatisfied with his work as a coal dealer, Patterson in 1884 purchased for $6,500 a controlling interest in the ailing National Manufacturing Company, a maker of cash registers, in a rundown section of Dayton. Patterson improved the cash register, making it simpler to use, and sent out his highly motivated sales force to place the product in stores. He paid his salesmen generous commissions and introduced the idea of exclusive territory for each salesman. To allay customer fears of maintaining such complex machinery, he established a force of repairmen to service the products after the sale.

      The company evolved in the 20th century, complementing its production of cash registers with the introduction of accounting machines in the 1920s, electronic products during World War II, business forms and computer hardware and software in the '60s, and microelectronics in the '70s. In the latter decade, under the leadership of presidents William S. Anderson and Charles E. Exley, Jr., NCR continued to develop new technology and expand its markets, but the company also underwent a thorough reorganization that included a sharp reduction in its labour force and the decentralization of its operations away from Dayton.

      In 1991 the company was purchased by the AT&T Corporation and was renamed Global Information Solutions. As part of AT&T's split into three separate companies in 1996, the NCR Corporation was spun off to AT&T shareholders and resumed its original name. NCR's products include automated teller machines (ATMs), electronic office equipment, supermarket scanners, semiconductors, and multiuser computer systems. The company also operates a worldwide network of data-processing centres for businesses that do not have in-house data-processing systems.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NCR Corporation — Type Public (NYSE: NCR) Industry Technology …   Wikipedia

  • NCR Corporation — Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Sitz Duluth (Minnesota) Mitarbeiter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • NCR Corporation — Тип Публичная компания Листинг на бирже NYSE …   Википедия

  • NCR Corporation — Logo de NCR Corporation modifier  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • NCR Self-Service — NCR Self Service, a subsidiary of NCR Type Subsidiary Industry Technology Founded 1988, 2004 Headquarters Lake Mary, Florida Key people Theresa Heinz, President …   Wikipedia

  • NCR Country Club — is a country club located in Kettering, Ohio, where NCR Corporation formerly was headquartered. There are two golf course s at the club, the North course and the South course. The 1969 PGA Championship was played on the South course, Raymond… …   Wikipedia

  • NCR — can refer to several topics: nCr as an abbreviation of the mathematics formula from n choose r NCR Corporation, a technology company specializing in solutions for businesses, formerly known as National Cash Register No carbon required paper, a… …   Wikipedia

  • NCR — steht für: National Capital Region, Staatshoheitliches Gebiet einer Hauptstadt National Cash Register, das US amerikanische Unternehmen NCR Corporation National Catholic Reporter, eine US amerikanische römisch katholische Zeitschrift Natürliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • NCR — Para otros usos de este término, véase Nuevo Camino Revolucionario. La corporación NCR es una TIC especializada en soluciones para la venta al por menor y la industria financiera. Sus principales productos son: cajas (puntos de venta en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • NCR VRX — VRX VRX/E VRX is an acronym for Virtual Resource eXecutive, a proprietary operating system on the NCR Criterion series, and later the V 8000 series of mainframe computers manufactured by NCR Corporation during the 1970s and 1980s. It replaced the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.