National Roman Museum

Italian  Museo Nazionale Romano,  

      in Rome, one of the world's greatest museums of ancient Greco-Roman art, founded in 1889 and housed in a monastery restored by Michelangelo on the site of the baths of Diocletian. The museum is also known as the Terme Museum after the Terme (thermal baths) of Diocletian. It contains antiquities discovered in Rome since 1870, as well as the treasures of the Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi collection in the cloister known as the Boncompagni. The museum's important collection of sculpture includes a large number of Roman copies of lost Greek works as well as a few important Greek originals. There is the “Venus of Cyrene,” an original Greek work of the 4th century BC, depicting the goddess Venus risen from the sea with her cloak supported by a dolphin near her right leg, possibly by a predecessor of Praxiteles. The “Torso Valentini” represents a hero or athlete of the 5th century BC. The “Head of Hypnos” is attributed to Praxiteles, and there is the fine “Boxer Resting,” signed by Apollonius. The “Maiden of Anzio,” of the school of Lysippus, was found at Anzio in 1878. The sculpture represents a young girl approaching an altar. Important Roman copies include two examples of the discus thrower by Myron, the “Discobolos of Castel Porziano” and the “Discobolos ex-Lancelotti.” “The Daughter of Niobe” is an original Greek example of the 5th century BC. Examples of Roman sculpture include many portrait busts and the famous “Altar from Ostia” relief showing the origin of Rome. The “Head of Vespasian” from Ostia is one of the finest of all Roman portrait busts.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Woollen Museum — National Woollen Museum. The National Woollen Museum located in Drefach Felindre, Llandysul, Carmarthenshire is part of the National Museum Wales. Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • National Etruscan Museum — Museo Nazionale Etrusco Facade of the Villa Giulia in Rome, home of the National Etruscan Museum. Established 1889 …   Wikipedia

  • National Waterfront Museum — A replica of the world s first steam locomotive, by Richard Trevithick, at the National Waterfront Museum The National Waterfront Museum, Swansea or NWMS (Welsh: Amgueddfa genedlaet …   Wikipedia

  • National Slate Museum — Entrance to the museum The great water wheel inside the museum The National Slate Museum (previously known as the Welsh Slate Museum) is located at Gilfach Ddu in the 19th century workshops …   Wikipedia

  • National Maritime Museum — For the equivalents of other nations, see National Maritime Museums. Coordinates: 51°28′52″N 0°00′20″W / 51.481111°N 0.005556°W / 51.481111; 0 …   Wikipedia

  • National Army Museum — Coordinates: 51°29′10″N 0°09′36″W / 51.486111°N 0.16°W / 51.486111; 0.16 …   Wikipedia

  • National Building Museum — Pension Building U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • National Roman Legion Museum — National Roman Legion Museum, Caerleon The National Roman Legion Museum (Welsh: Amgueddfa Lleng Rufeinig Cymru) is one of the National Museums of Wales. It is located in Caerleon in the city of Newport, south east Wales …   Wikipedia

  • National Archaeological Museum, Athens — National Archaeological Museum of Athens Established 1829 Location Patission Avenue, Athens, Greece …   Wikipedia

  • National Archaeological Museum of Spain — National Archaeological Museum Museo Arqueológico Nacional Museum s main facade Established 1867 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.