Nation, Carry

▪ American temperance leader
in full  Carry Amelia Nation , née  Carry Amelia Moore 
born Nov. 25, 1846, Garrard county, Ky., U.S.
died June 9, 1911, Leavenworth, Kan.
 American temperance (temperance movement) advocate famous for using a hatchet to demolish barrooms.

      Carry Moore as a child experienced poverty, her mother's mental instability, and frequent bouts of ill health. Although she held a teaching certificate from a state normal school, her education was intermittent. In 1867 she married a young physician, Charles Gloyd, whom she left after a few months because of his alcoholism. In 1877 she married David Nation, a lawyer, journalist, and minister, who divorced her in 1901 on the grounds of desertion.

      Carry Nation entered the temperance movement in 1890, when a U.S. Supreme Court decision in favour of the importation and sale of liquor in “original packages” from other states weakened the prohibition laws of Kansas, where she was living. In her view, the illegality of the saloons flourishing in that state meant that anyone could destroy them with impunity. A formidable woman, nearly 6 feet tall and weighing 175 pounds, she dressed in stark black-and-white clothing. Alone or accompanied by hymn-singing women, she would march into a saloon and proceed to sing, pray, hurl biblical-sounding vituperations, and smash the bar fixtures and stock with a hatchet. At one point, her fervour led her to invade the governor's chambers at Topeka. Jailed many times, she paid her fines from lecture-tour fees and sales of souvenir hatchets, at times earning as much as $300 per week. She herself survived numerous physical assaults.

      Nation published a few short-lived newsletters—called variously the Smasher's Mail, the Hatchet, and the Home Defender—and her autobiography, The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation, in 1904. Her “hatchetation” period was brief but brought her national notoriety. She was for a time much in demand as a temperance lecturer; she also railed against fraternal orders, tobacco, foreign foods, corsets, skirts of improper length, and mildly pornographic art of the sort found in some barrooms of the time. She was an advocate of woman suffrage. Later she appeared in vaudeville, at Coney Island, New York, and briefly in 1903 in Hatchetation, an adaptation of Ten Nights in a Bar-room. Despite her campaign, the enactment in 1919 of national prohibition was largely the result of the efforts of more conventional reformers, who had been reluctant to support her.

Additional Reading
Robert Lewis Taylor, Vessel of Wrath: The Life and Times of Carry Nation (1966), is a biography.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Nation, Carry (Amelia) — orig. Carry Moore born Nov. 25, 1846, Garrard county, Ky., U.S. died June 9, 1911, Leavenworth, Kan. U.S. temperance advocate. Though she held a teaching certificate, her education was intermittent. In 1867 she married a young physician but soon… …   Universalium

  • Nation, Carry (Amelia) — orig. Carry Moore (25 nov. 1846, cond. Garrard, Ky., EE.UU.–9 jun. 1911, Leavenworth, Kan). Opositora estadounidense a la ingesta de alcohol. Si bien tenía el título de maestra, su educación fue intermitente. En 1867 se casó con un joven médico,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nation,Carry Amelia Moore — Na·tion (nāʹshən), Carry Amelia Moore. 1846 1911. American temperance crusader who conducted a series of raids on saloons, in which she used a hatchet to break liquor bottles and destroy furniture. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carry-on...-Filme — Die Carry on… Filme sind eine 30 teilige Reihe von britischen Filmkomödien, die von 1958 bis 1992 unter der Regie von Gerald Thomas entstanden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Die Macher 3 Die Schauspieler und Figuren 4 Filme 4.1 Die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carry-on...-Filmreihe — Die Carry on… Filme sind eine 30 teilige Reihe von britischen Filmkomödien, die von 1958 bis 1992 unter der Regie von Gerald Thomas entstanden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Die Macher 3 Die Schauspieler und Figuren 4 Filme 4.1 Die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carry On — Die Carry on… Filme sind eine 30 teilige Reihe von britischen Filmkomödien, die von 1958 bis 1992 unter der Regie von Gerald Thomas entstanden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Die Macher 3 Die Schauspieler und Figuren 4 Filme 4.1 Die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carry Nation — noun United States prohibitionist who raided saloons and destroyed bottles of liquor with a hatchet (1846 1911) • Syn: ↑Nation, ↑Carry Amelia Moore Nation • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dry, ↑prohibitionist * * * Carry …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nation — /nay sheuhn/, n. Carry or Carrie (Amelia Moore), 1846 1911, U.S. temperance leader. * * * I People whose common identity creates a psychological bond and a political community. Their political identity usually comprises such characteristics as a… …   Universalium

  • Carry-on…-Filmreihe — Die Carry on… Filme sind eine 30 teilige Reihe von britischen Filmkomödien, die von 1958 bis 1992 unter der Regie von Gerald Thomas entstanden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Macher 3 Schauspieler und Figuren 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carry On Captain — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Ist ja irre – der Schiffskoch ist seekrank Originaltitel: Carry On Cruising Produktionsland: Großbritannien Erscheinungsjahr: 1962 Länge: 89 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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