Nash, John F., Jr.

▪ American mathematician
in full  John Forbes Nash, Jr. 
born June 13, 1928, Bluefield, West Virginia, U.S.

      American mathematician who was awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics for his landmark work, first begun in the 1950s, on the mathematics of game theory. He shared the Nobel Prize with the Hungarian American economist John C. Harsanyi (Harsanyi, John C.) and German mathematician Reinhard Selten (Selten, Reinhard).

      In 1948 Nash received bachelor's and master's degrees in mathematics from the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie-Mellon University) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Two years later, at age 22, he completed his doctorate at Princeton University, publishing his influential thesis “Non-cooperative Games” in the journal Annals of Mathematics. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951 but resigned in the late 1950s after bouts of mental illness. He then began an informal association with Princeton.

      Nash established the mathematical principles of game theory, a branch of mathematics that examines the rivalries among competitors with mixed interests. Known as the Nash solution or the Nash equilibrium, his theory attempted to explain the dynamics of threat and action among competitors. Despite its practical limitations, the Nash solution was widely applied by business strategists.

      A film version of Nash's life, A Beautiful Mind (2001), based on Sylvia Nasar's 1998 biography of the same name, won an Academy Award for best picture. It portrays Nash's long struggle with schizophrenia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • NASH, JOHN —    English architect, born in London; besides designing plans for some of the chief streets in the city and the buildings in them, was the architect of Buckingham Palace and the Pavilion at Brighton (1752 1835) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Nash, John Forbes — born June 13, 1928, Bluefield, W.Va., U.S. U.S. mathematician. He earned a doctorate from Princeton University at 22. He began teaching at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951 but left in the late 1950s because of mental illness;… …   Universalium

  • Nash, John Forbes — (13 jun. 1928, Bluefield, W.V., EE.UU.). Matemático estadounidense. Obtuvo un doctorado en la Universidad de Princeton a los 22 años de edad. Empezó a dictar clases en el Instituto de Tecnología de Massachusetts en 1951, pero lo dejó a fines de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Forbes Nash Jr. — John Forbes Nash John Forbes Nash Jr. (* 13. Juni 1928 in Bluefield, West Virginia) ist ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker, der besonders in den Bereichen Spieltheorie und Differentialgeometrie sowie auf dem Gebiet der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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