Napier, Robert Napier, 1st Baron

▪ British field marshal
born Dec. 6, 1810, Colombo, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka]
died Jan. 14, 1890, London, Eng.

      British field marshal, who had a distinguished military and civil engineering career in India and commanded military expeditions to Ethiopia and China.

      The son of Major Charles Frederick Napier, a British artillery officer stationed in Ceylon, he attended the military college of the East India Company at Addiscombe, joined the Bengal Engineers in 1826, was stationed at Calcutta in 1828, and began employment on the East Jumna Canal irrigation works in 1831. In Europe he studied engineering and railway works (1836–39). He laid out the settlement of Darjeeling (1839–42) and the cantonment at Ambāla (1842). At the outbreak of the First Sikh War (Sikh Wars) (1845) he joined the army of the Sutlej as commanding officer of engineers and was at the battles of Mudki, Sobrāon, and Fīroz Shāh, where he was wounded. In 1846 he took the hill fort of Kāngra. After the Sikh government surrender he became consulting engineer to the resident at Lahore. In the Second Sikh War (1848–49) he directed the siege of Multān and then commanded the engineers of the right wing of the army of the Punjab at the battle of Gujarāt and in the pursuit to Attock, ending the campaign. As civil engineer to the Punjab Board of Administration (1849–51), he executed public works of roads, canals, bridges, buildings, and frontier defenses. He was recalled to military service for the Hazāra expedition (1852) and for the campaign against the Bori clan in Peshāwar (1853).

      Napier went on leave to England in 1856, returned to India as a lieutenant colonel, and in the Indian Mutiny of 1857 was chief engineer to the Lucknow relief force under Sir James Outram. He directed an active defense against the sepoys and was wounded during the second relief, led by Sir Colin Campbell, but participated in the final attack on the city. A brigadier general under Sir Hugh Rose at the capture of Lucknow in March 1858, he defeated Tantia Topi at Jaora Alipur and routed Fīroz Shāh in December 1858. He was afterward placed in command of the final operations in the area and made a Knight Commander of the Bath.

      Napier's troop division in the 1860 expedition to China under Sir Hope Grant crippled forts north of the Pei Ho (river) and advanced to Beijing, leading to the Chinese surrender. In 1861 he returned to India, was promoted to major general, and served as military member of the governor-general's council (February 1861–March 1865). He acted as viceroy and governor-general from Nov. 21 to Dec. 2, 1863. In 1865 he was given command of the Bombay army and in 1867 was promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the expedition to Ethiopia, defeating Emperor Tewodros II at Magdela (Magdala) in April 1868. He was rewarded with titles, the thanks of Parliament, and an annual pension of £2,000. He was created Baron Napier of Magdala (1868) and in 1870–76 was commander in chief in India. After service as governor of Gibraltar (1876–82) he was appointed field marshal in 1883 and served as constable of the Tower of London from 1887 until his death.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala — Field Marshal The Lord Napier of Magdala GCB, GCSI, CIE, FRS …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive — Clive of India redirects here. For the film, see Clive of India (film). Robert Clive redirects here. For other uses, see Robert Clive (disambiguation). Major General The Right Honourable The Lord Clive KB …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Napier (1er baron Napier de Magdala) — Field Marshal Robert Cornelis Napier Naissance 6 décembre 1810 Ceylan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugh Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn — Field Marshal Hugh Henry Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn, GCB. GCSI , (April 6, 1801 ndash; October 16, 1885) was a British Army field marshal. Early lifeHe was the third son of the Right Hon. Sir George Henry Rose of Sandhills, Christchurch,… …   Wikipedia

  • Claud Schuster, 1st Baron Schuster — The Right Honourable The Lord Schuster GCB CVO KC Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor s Office …   Wikipedia

  • William Beardmore, 1st Baron Invernairn — Beardmore was born in Deptford, London, where his father, also William Beardmore, was a mechanical engineer. In 1861 his family moved to Glasgow, where his father was co founder of the Parkhead Forge, a steel mill and supplier to the thriving… …   Wikipedia

  • Baron Napier of Magdala — Baron Napier of Magdala, in Caryngton in the County Palatine of Chester, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1868 for the military commander Sir Robert Napier, in recognition of his part in the 1868 Expedition to… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Napier — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Cornelis Napier, 1er Barón Napier de Magdala, GCB, GCSI, CIE, FRS (6 de diciembre de 1810 – 14 de enero de 1890), fue un militar británico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Napier of Magdala Battery — 100 Ton Gun Rosia Bay, Gibraltar …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Napier — Several notable persons have been named Robert Napier:* Sir Robert Napier (died 1615), English judge and Member of Parliament, Chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland 1593 1602 * Robert Napier (engineer) (1791 1876), Scottish marine engineer *… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.