Mulliken, Robert Sanderson

▪ American chemist and physicist
born June 7, 1896, Newburyport, Mass., U.S.
died Oct. 31, 1986, Arlington, Va.
 American chemist and physicist who received the 1966 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for “fundamental work concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules.”

      A graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mulliken worked, during World War I and for a few years afterward, in government chemical research. He then studied under the physicist Robert A. Millikan at the University of Chicago, receiving his Ph.D. in 1921. He taught at New York University (1926–28) and then joined the faculty of the University of Chicago (1928–85).

      Mulliken began working on his theory of molecular structure (molecule) in the 1920s. He theoretically systematized the electron states of molecules in terms of molecular orbitals. Departing from the idea that electron orbitals for atoms are static and that atoms combine like building blocks to form molecules, he proposed that, when molecules are formed, the atoms' original electron configurations are changed into an overall molecular configuration. Further extending his theory, he developed (1952) a quantum-mechanical theory of the behaviour of electron orbitals as different atoms merge to form molecules.

      During World War II Mulliken worked on the Plutonium Project, part of the development of the atomic bomb, at the University of Chicago. In 1955 he served as scientific attaché at the U.S. embassy in London.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mulliken , Robert Sanderson — (1896–1986) American physicist and chemist Mulliken was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, the son of an organic chemist. He was educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and at the University of Chicago, where he obtained his PhD in …   Scientists

  • Mulliken, Robert Sanderson — ► (1896 1986) Químico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1966, por su obra sobre enlaces químicos y la estructura electrónica de moléculas por el método de los orbitales moleculares …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Sanderson Mulliken — Robert Mulliken Robert Sanderson Mulliken (7 juin 1896 31 octobre 1986) était un physicien et chimiste américain. Il est principalement connu pour ses travaux sur le concept d orbitale moléculaire, qui permet d expliquer la structure des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Sanderson Mulliken — (* 7. Juni 1896 in Newburyport, Massachusetts; † 31. Oktober 1986 in Arlington) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Chemiker. Er erhielt 1966 den Nobelpreis für Chemie für seine grundlegenden Arbeiten über die chemischen Bindungen und die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mulliken — Robert Sanderson …   Scientists

  • Mulliken — Mulliken, Robert Sanderson …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert S. Mulliken — Robert Sanderson Mulliken (* 7. Juni 1896 in Newburyport, Massachusetts; † 31. Oktober 1986 in Arlington) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Chemiker. Er erhielt 1966 den Nobelpreis für Chemie für seine grundlegenden Arbeiten über die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert S. Mulliken — Robert Mulliken Robert Sanderson Mulliken (7 juin 1896 31 octobre 1986) était un physicien et chimiste américain. Il est principalement connu pour ses travaux sur le concept d orbitale moléculaire, qui permet d expliquer la structure des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mulliken — (Robert Sanderson) (1896 1986) physicien et chimiste américain. Il découvrit la notion d orbitale atomique. P. Nobel 1966 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robert S. Mulliken — Infobox Scientist name = Robert Sanderson Mulliken birth date = June 7, 1896 birth place = Newburyport, Massachusetts death date = October 31, 1986 death place = Arlington, Virginia residence = citizenship = nationality = American ethnicity =… …   Wikipedia

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