Moscow, Treaty of

▪ 1921
      (March 16, 1921), pact concluded at Moscow between the nationalist government of Turkey and the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) that fixed Turkey's northeastern frontier and established friendly relations between the two nations.

      With the advent of the Russian Revolution (October 1917), Russia withdrew from World War I and ceased hostilities against the Ottoman Empire. The new Soviet regime found itself allied against the West with the Turkish nationalists, who were fighting against both Western domination and the Ottoman government that had capitulated to the Western Allies. Diplomatic relations between the nationalists and the Soviets began in August 1920 and led to the Treaty of Moscow, which settled border disputes by giving Kars and Ardahan to Turkey and Batumi to Russia and by which the Soviets recognized the nationalist leadership under Mustafa Kemal (later styled Kemal Atatürk (Atatürk, Kemal)) as the only government in Turkey. As a result of the treaty, the Soviets supplied the nationalists with weapons and ammunition, which the Turks used successfully in a war against Greece in 1921–22.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Treaty of Moscow (1921) — The Treaty of Moscow or Treaty of Brotherhood was a friendship treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Bolshevist Russia under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, signed on 16… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Moscow — The Treaty of Moscow may refer to: Treaty of Moscow (1920), a treaty of non aggression between Soviet Russia and Georgia Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty (1920) also known as Moscow Peace Treaty, a treaty between the Soviet Russia and Lithuania… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Moscow (1970) — The Treaty of Moscow, was signed on August 12, 1970 between the USSR and West Germany (FRG). It was signed by Willy Brandt and Walter Scheel from the FRG side and by Alexei Kosygin and Andrei Gromyko from the USSR side. Contents 1 Description 2… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Lyubutsk — was a peace treaty signed in summer of 1372 between Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Dmitri Donskoi, Prince of Moscow. The treaty resulted in a seven year peace period. [lt icon cite encyclopedia | editor=Jonas Zinkus, et. al | encyclopedia …   Wikipedia

  • Moscow Pride — Der Moscow Pride (russisch Московский Гей Прайд, Moskowskij Gej Prajd) ist eine Demonstration der Lesben, Schwulen, Bisexuellen, Transgender, kurz LGBT und deren Unterstützer. Sie soll seit 2006 jährlich im Mai in der russischen Hauptstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Nöteborg — Treaty of Nöteborg, also known as Treaty of Oreshek , is a conventional name for the peace treaty that was signed at Orekhovets ( sv. Nöteborg) on August 12 1323. It was the first settlement between Sweden and Novgorod Republic regulating their… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty on the Creation of the USSR — Treaty of the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Russian: Договор об образовании СССР Type Union treaty Signed 30 December 1922 Location Moscow, Russian SFSR Expiration 26 December 1991 Union dissolved at last session of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Novgorod — Treaty of Novgorod, signed on June 3th, 1326 in Novgorod, marked the end of decades of the Norwegian Novgorodian border skirmishes in the far northern region called Finnmark. The terms were an armistice for 40 years. A few years earlier, Republic …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Moscow (1920) — The Treaty of Moscow (Russian: Московский договор, Moskovskiy dogovor, Georgian: მოსკოვის ხელშეკრულება, moskovis khelshekruleba), signed between Soviet Russia (RSFSR) and the Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG) in Moscow on May 7, 1920, granted… …   Wikipedia

  • Moscow Peace Treaty — For the treaty ending the Continuation War in 1944, see Moscow Armistice. Areas ceded by Finland to the Soviet Union The Moscow Peace Treaty was signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on 12 March 1940, and the ratifications were exchanged on 21… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.