Morrill, Justin S.
▪ American politicianin full Justin Smith Morrillborn April 14, 1810, Strafford, Vt., U.S.died Dec. 28, 1898, Washington, D.C.U.S. Republican legislator who established a record for longevity by serving 43 years in both houses of the Congress; his name is particularly associated with the first high protective tariff and with federal support of land-grant colleges.Following a modest career in local business, Morrill became active in Whig politics in the 1850s. Struck by the internal dissension within the party, he devoted himself afterward to preserving harmony within the Republican Party, which he helped found in Vermont (1855). He then went on to serve 12 years in the House of Representatives (1855–67) and 31 years in the Senate (1867–98).A financial conservative, Morrill sponsored the Tariff Act of 1861 and succeeding years, usually referred to as the Morrill tariffs, which introduced high import duties not for the traditional purpose of national revenue but to protect American industry from overseas competition. A consistent champion of “sound” currency, he opposed the resort to paper money during and after the U.S. Civil War (1861–65). He also opposed the various proposals for the use of silver as a monetary standard.Many considered that Morrill's most important legislative contribution was the Morrill Act of 1862, which provided grants of land to state colleges, whose “leading object” would be to teach subjects “related to agriculture and the mechanic arts,” without excluding the general sciences and classical studies. Morrill was henceforth called the “Father of the Agricultural Colleges,” many of which have become leading educational institutions.
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Justin De Witt Bowersock — (* 19. September 1842 bei Columbiana, Ohio; † 27. Oktober 1922 in Lawrence, Kansas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1899 und 1907 vertrat er den zweiten Wahlbezirk des Bundesstaates Kansas im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Justin… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Justin Smith Morrill — Infobox Senator name=Justin Smith Morrill jr/sr=United States Senator state=Vermont party=Whig, Republican term=March 4, 1867 – December 28, 1898 preceded=Luke P. Poland succeeded=Jonathan Ross date of birth=April 14, 1810 place of… … Wikipedia
Justin Smith Morrill Homestead — Infobox nrhp | name =Justin S. Morrill Homestead nrhp type =nhl caption = Justin Smith Morrill House, from Historic American Buildings Survey location= Strafford, Vermont lat degrees = 43 lat minutes = 51 lat seconds = 46.4 lat direction = N long … Wikipedia
Morrill Tariff — The Morrill Tariff of 1861 was a protective tariff in the United States, adopted on March 2, 1861 during the administration of President James Buchanan. Named for its sponsor, Representative Justin Smith Morrill of Vermont, who drafted it with… … Wikipedia
Morrill Hall — This article is about the building at Cornell University. For the building at the University of Nebraska, see University of Nebraska State Museum. For the building at the University of Maryland, see Morrill Hall (University of Maryland). Morrill… … Wikipedia
Morrill Hall (University of Maryland) — University of Maryland, College Park campus Morrill Hall Use A … Wikipedia