Morley, Edward Williams

▪ American chemist
born Jan. 29, 1838, Newark, N.J., U.S.
died Feb. 24, 1923, West Hartford, Conn.

      American chemist who is best known for his collaboration with the physicist A.A. Michelson (Michelson, A.A.) in an attempt to measure the relative motion of the Earth through a hypothetical ether.

      Morley graduated from Williams College in 1860 and then pursued both scientific and theological studies. He took up a Congregational pastorate in Ohio in 1868 and in the following year joined the faculty of Western Reserve College, remaining with the school when it moved to Cleveland in 1882 and became Western Reserve University. He continued to teach there until his retirement in 1906. From 1873 to 1888 he also taught at the Cleveland Medical School.

      Morley's personal research centred on questions requiring precise determinations of the density and atomic weight of various gases, especially of oxygen. His reputation as a skilled experimenter attracted the attention of Michelson, then at the nearby Case School of Applied Science. In 1887 the pair performed what have come to be known as the Michelson-Morley experiments, which failed definitively to detect any “ether-drag” effect on the speed of light measured in various directions relative to the motion of the Earth. This result was a major step leading toward Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morley,Edward Williams — Morley, Edward Williams. 1838 1923. American chemist and physicist who with Albert Michelson disproved the existence of ether, the hypothetical medium of electromagnetic waves. * * * …   Universalium

  • Morley , Edward Williams — (1838–1923) American chemist and physicist. See Michelson, Albert Abraham …   Scientists

  • Edward Williams Morley — Edward Morley Pour les articles homonymes, voir Morley (homonymie). Edward Morley Edward Williams Morley (29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Williams Morley — (* 29. Januar 1838 in Newark, New Jersey; † 24. Februar 1923 in West Hartford, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker. Edward Morley wuchs in Wes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Williams — may refer to: * Iolo Morganwg (1747–1826), Welsh antiquarian * Edward Williams (painter) (1782 1855), English painter * Edward Bennett Williams (1920 1988), Washington, D.C. trial attorney sports team owner * Edward Ellerker Williams (1793 1822)… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Williams Morley — noun United States chemist and physicist who collaborated with Michelson in the Michelson Morley experiment (1838 1923) • Syn: ↑Morley, ↑E. W. Morley, ↑Edward Morley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Edward Williams Morley — n. Edward Morley (1838 1923), U.S. chemist who researched the relative motion of the Earth …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Edward Morley — Edward Williams Morley. Edward Williams Morley (* 29. Januar 1838 in Newark, New Jersey; † 24. Februar 1923 in West Hartford, Connecticut) war ein amerikanischer Chemiker. Edward Morley wuchs in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward W. Morley — Edward Morley Pour les articles homonymes, voir Morley (homonymie). Edward Morley Edward Williams Morley (29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Morley — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Williams Morley. Edward Williams Morley químico y físico estadounidense nació el 29 de enero de 1838, y falleció el 24 de febrero de 1923. Desde 1869 h …   Wikipedia Español

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