Morgenthau, Hans Joachim

▪ German-American political scientist
born February 17, 1904, Coburg, Germany
died July 19, 1980, New York, New York, U.S.

      German-born American political scientist and historian noted as a leading analyst of the role of power in international politics.

      Educated first in Germany at the Universities of Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich, Morgenthau did postgraduate work at the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva. He was admitted to the bar in 1927 and served as acting president of the Labour Law Court in Frankfurt. In 1932 he went to Geneva to teach public law for a year, but because of Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf)'s rise to power in Germany in 1933, he stayed on until 1935. In 1935–36 he taught in Madrid, and in 1937 he took up residence in the United States, where he became a naturalized citizen in 1943. He served on the faculties of Brooklyn (New York) College (1937–39), the University of Missouri–Kansas City (1939–43), the University of Chicago (1943–71), the City College of the City University of New York (1968–74), and the New School for Social Research (1974–80).

      In 1948 Morgenthau published Politics Among Nations, a highly regarded study that presented what became commonly known as the classical realist approach to international politics. In this work, Morgenthau maintained that politics is governed by distinct immutable laws of nature and that states could deduce rational and objectively correct actions from an understanding of these laws. Central to Morgenthau's theory was the concept of power as the dominant goal in international politics and the definition of national interest in terms of power. His state-centred approach, which refused to identify the moral aspirations of a state with the objective moral laws that govern the universe, maintained that all state actions seek to keep, demonstrate, or increase power. He called for recognition of the nature and limits of power and for the use of traditional methods of diplomacy, including compromise.

      A contributor to numerous scholarly periodicals and journals of opinion, Morgenthau was also the author of Scientific Man vs. Power Politics (1946), In Defense of the National Interest (1951), Dilemmas of Politics (1958), The Purpose of American Politics (1960), Politics in the Twentieth Century (1962), and Truth and Power (1970).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • MORGENTHAU, HANS JOACHIM — (1904–1980), political scientist. Born in Coburg, Germany, Morgenthau qualified as a lawyer and practiced in Munich from 1927 to 1930, when he became an assistant at the University of Frankfurt. He was acting president of the Frankfurt Labor… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hans Joachim Morgenthau — (* 17. Februar 1904 in Coburg, Bayern; † 19. Juli 1980 in New York) war ein amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler und Jurist deutsch jüdischer Abstammung. Er gilt als Begründer des Realismus in den Internationalen Beziehungen. Morgenthau… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Morgenthau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Morgenthau. Hans Joachim Morgenthau (17 février 1904 19 juillet 1980) fut un théoricien majeur des relations internationales fortement influent. Biographie Il est né à Cobourg en Allemagne et a fait son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morgenthau — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Morgenthau: Hans Joachim Morgenthau Henry Morgenthau Henry Morgenthau senior Plan Morgenthau Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hans Morgenthau — Hans Joachim Morgenthau (* 17. Februar 1904 in Coburg, Bayern; † 19. Juli 1980 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler und Jurist deutsch jüdischer Abstammung. Er gilt als Begründer eines systematischen realistischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morgenthau — Family name Pronunciation German pronunciation: [ˈmɔrɡəntaʊ], English pronunciation …   Wikipedia

  • Hans Morgenthau — Hans Joachim Morgenthau (February 17 1904 – July 19 1980) was a pioneer in the field of international relations theory. He was born in Coburg, Germany, and educated at the universities of Berlin, Frankfurt and Munich. He taught and practiced law… …   Wikipedia

  • Hans Morgenthau — Hans Joachim Morgenthau (Coburg, 17 de febrero de 1904 – 19 de julio de 1980) fue un abogado y politólogo alemán, teórico de las relaciones Internacionales enlistado en la corriente del llamado realismo. Biografía Se educó en las universidades de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Morgenthau — Mọrgenthau   [englisch mɔːgənθɔː],    1) Hans Joachim, amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler deutscher Herkunft, * Coburg 17. 2. 1904, ✝ New York 19. 7. 1980; lehrte in Genf (1932 35) und Madrid (1935 36), emigrierte 1937 in die USA; war 1943… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

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