Montefeltro Family

▪ Italian family
      noble family of Urbino, a city in the Italian Marches, southeast of Florence, that rose to become a ruling dynasty and produced several outstanding political and military leaders from the 13th to the 16th century. Descendants of an older noble family, they took their name from the ancient town of Mons Feretri, later San Leo, where they first rose to prominence.

      By 1234 the family ruled Urbino. During the remainder of the 13th and early 14th centuries the family was prominent on the Ghibelline (imperial) side in the struggle between emperor and pope. Guido da Montefeltro, mentioned in Dante's Inferno, fought against the Guelf (papal) party in Romagna and Tuscany before submitting to Pope Boniface VIII in 1295; he died a Franciscan monk in 1298. His son Federigo sustained the Ghibelline cause in north central Italy and ruled Urbino until 1322, when he was killed in an insurrection. His son Nolfo temporarily recovered Urbino but in the end lost it to the papal party.

      Nolfo's grandson Antonio (died 1403) recovered the family power once more (1377) and even extended it to neighbouring towns, making peace with the pope, who named him vicar, a title he successfully passed on to his son Guidantonio (died 1443). The latter's marriage to a daughter of the papal-related Colonna family cemented the new alliance, and papal support assisted the Montefeltro in resisting the Malatesta family, lords of Rimini. Guidantonio's illegitimate son Federico (1422–82) became an outstanding military leader, captaining the papal army against the Malatesta and his own against the pope, and suppressing a revolt in Volterra as a mercenary in the pay of Lorenzo de' Medici. He spent his war profits on monumental building, on a library, and on art. Pope Sixtus IV made him duke of Urbino in 1474. Federico's son Guidobaldo was the last ruling Montefeltro; dispossessed by Cesare Borgia in 1502, he recovered his state, but being without heirs adopted his nephew Francesco Maria della Rovere, into whose family Urbino then passed. His court, a notable centre of culture, is commemorated in Baldassare Castiglione's Il cortegiano (1528).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Montefeltro — Map of the region Montefeltro is a historical geographic region in the Marche, which was historically part of Romagna. It gave its name of the Montefeltro family, which ruled in the area during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Montefeltro, House of —    Italian noble family, originally counts of a district in east central Italy known as the Marches, who came to the city of Urbino as imperial and later as papal vicars. Their first important figure, Antonio (1348 1404), incorporated Gubbio and… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • House of Montefeltro — Coat of Arms of the Montefeltro family …   Wikipedia

  • Nolfo da Montefeltro — (born Sighinolfo; c. 1290 – 1364) was count of Montefeltro from 1323 to 1360. He was the son of Federico I da Montefeltro, who had been slain by the people of the city in revolt against him. In 1323 Nolfo, now a leader of the Ghibelline part in… …   Wikipedia

  • Oddantonio da Montefeltro — Coat of arms of the House of Montefeltro Oddantonio da Montefeltro (1428 – 22 July 1444) was the first duke of Urbino in Italy. Oddantonio succeeded his father Guidantonio as count of Urbino. He was the half brother of Federico da Montefeltro.… …   Wikipedia

  • Montefeltrano II da Montefeltro — (died 1255) was an Italian condottiero, who was lord of Urbino from 1242 until his death. He was also count of Montefeltro and Pietrarubbia. He was Ghibelline follower and fought for Philip of Swabia in Sicily, to defend the Hohenstaufen rights… …   Wikipedia

  • Federico da Montefeltro — Federico da Montefeltro, also known as Federico III da Montefeltro (Castello di Petroia, June 7, 1422 ndash; Ferrara, September 10, 1482), was one of the most successful condottieri of the Italian Renaissance, and lord of Urbino from 1444 (as… …   Wikipedia

  • Guido I da Montefeltro — Guido da Montefeltro (1223 ndash; September 29 1298) was an Italian military strategist and lord of Urbino. He became a monk late in life, and was condemned by Dante Alighieri in his Divine Comedy for giving false or fraudulent… …   Wikipedia

  • Guidantonio da Montefeltro — (1377 February, 1443) was count of Urbino in Italy from 1403 until his death.In 1403, at the death of his father Antonio, Guidantonio inherited the family lands in the region of Italy called the Marche. Later he abandoned the Papal suzerainty and …   Wikipedia

  • Colonna family — Colonna redirects here. For other uses, see Colonna (disambiguation). Arms of the Colonna family. The Colonna family is an Italian noble family; it was powerful in medieval and Renaissance Rome, supplying one Pope and many other Church and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.