Monro, Alexander, secundus

▪ Scottish physician, anatomist, and educator
born March 10, 1733, Edinburgh
died Oct. 2, 1817, Edinburgh

      physician who, with his father, Alexander primus (1697–1767), and his son, Alexander tertius (1773–1859), played a major role in establishing the University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, University of) as an international centre of medical teaching. Appointed to the chair of anatomy in 1755, he is considered the finest teacher and anatomist of the three. More active as an investigator and surgeon than either his father or his son, he was first to employ (1767) the stomach pump, to perform paracentesis (surgical puncture of a body cavity in order to drain fluid), and to describe definitively (1783) the interventricular foramen between the lateral ventricles of the brain (known as Monro's foramen; the passage between the lateral and third cavities of the brain). He wrote “Three Treatises on the Brain, the Eye and the Ear” (1797) and Observations on the Structure and Functions of the Nervous System (1783).

      Under the direction (1817–46) of his son, Alexander tertius, the chair's repute degenerated. Although his pupils included many who were to become Britain's most outstanding scientists (such as Sir Humphry Davy (Davy, Sir Humphry, Baronet) and Charles Darwin (Darwin, Charles)), the youngest Monro lectured verbatim from his grandfather's notes. His writings include Outlines of the Anatomy of the Human Body (1813) and Morbid Anatomy of the Brain (1827). See also Monro family.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monro, Alexander, primus — ▪ Scottish physician and professor of anatomy born Sept. 8, 1697, London died July 10, 1767, Edinburgh       physician, first professor of anatomy and surgery at the newly founded University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, University of) medical school …   Universalium

  • MONRO, ALEXANDER —    founder of Edinburgh Medical School, born of Scotch parentage in London; studied there, and at Paris and Leyden, and was appointed lecturer on Anatomy by the Surgeons Company at Edinburgh in 1719; two years later he became professor, and in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Monro family — Family of Scottish physicians. Three generations of the family made the University of Edinburgh an international centre of medical teaching, holding the chair of anatomy for 126 years (1720–1846) without interruption. Alexander primus (b. Sept. 8 …   Universalium

  • Monro-Kellie-Hypothese — Die Monro Kellie Doktrin, auch Monro Kellie Hypothese genannt, besagt, dass die Summe der drei Komponenten: Gehirngewebe, Blut, und Liquor cerebrospinalis innerhalb der Schädelhöhle stets gleich bleiben muss, um den intrakraniellen Druck konstant …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Monro (primus) — To distinguish him as the first of three generations of physicians of the same name, he is known as primus .Monro was born of Scots parentage in London, and studied there, and at Paris and Leiden. He was appointed lecturer on Anatomy by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Monro, familia — Familia de médicos escoceses. Tres generaciones de la familia hicieron de la Universidad de Edimburgo un centro internacional de la enseñanza médica, conservando ininterrumpidamente la cátedra de anatomía por 126 años (1720–1846). Alexander… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexander Monro (secundus) — Alexander Monro (May 22, 1733 ndash; October 2, 1817) was a Scottish physician and medical educator. To distinguish him as the second of three generations of physicians of the same name, he is known as secundus . His students included the naval… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Monro (tertius) — Alexander Monro tertius (born November 5, 1773, Edinburgh; died March 10, 1859) followed his father and grandfather in becoming professor of anatomy at Edinburgh University. He is known as tertius due to the names of his two predecessors as… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Monro — may refer to: Alexander Monro (educator), Principal of Edinburgh University, 1685–1690 Alexander Monro (primus) (1697–1767), Scottish physician, founder of Edinburgh Medical School Alexander Monro (secundus) (1733–1817), son of previous, Scottish …   Wikipedia

  • Secundus — is the Latin word for second. However, it also had the meaning of favorable or lucky. It functions both as a proper name and a numeral title. It can refer to: PeopleRomans*Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder) *Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus …   Wikipedia

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