town and archiepiscopal see, northwestern Sicily, Italy, on the slope of Monte (mount) Caputo overlooking the valley of the Conca d'Oro (Golden Shell), just inland from Palermo. The town grew up around an important Benedictine monastery, chartered in 1174 and richly endowed by its founder, King William II of Sicily. Its abbot held episcopal and, after 1183, archiepiscopal rights. Little now remains of the monastic buildings except the splendid cloister (with 216 marble columns) adjacent to the cathedral. The cathedral (1174–89; see photograph—>) is one of the richest and most beautiful churches in Italy, combining Norman, Byzantine, Italian, and Saracen styles. Particularly notable is the interior mosaic decoration, one of the largest in existence. It was created in less than 10 years by a group of craftsmen trained in Byzantium. The subjects of the mosaics include an Old Testament cycle, the miracles of Christ, the life of Christ, and the lives of SS. Peter and Paul. Near Monreale, in the village of San Martino delle Scale, is the famous Benedictine abbey of S. Martino, founded by Pope St. Gregory I the Great in the 6th century, restored in 1346, and extended in 1770. Its church dates from the 16th century.

      Monreale is a market centre for the citrus fruit and olives of the Conca d'Oro. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 35,219.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Monreale —   Comune   Comune di Monreale Interior of the Monreale C …   Wikipedia

  • Monreale — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monreale — es una pequeña ciudad de la provincia de Palermo, en Sicilia, Italia. Tiene aproximadamente unos 30,000 habitantes y se encuentra a 2 km al sur de Palermo. Está rodeada de montañas y desde Monreale se ve una maravillosa paronámica de la capital.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Monreāle — (Morreale), Stadt in der sicilianischen Provinz Palermo, am Ammiraglio; Erzbischof, Kathedrale, Schloß, dessen Glöckchen das Zeichen zur Sicilianischen Vesper gab, Benedictinerkloster, Mandelbau; 14,500 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monreāle — Monreāle, Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreise Palermo (Sizilien), 330 m ü. M., 7 km südwestlich von Palermo, wohin eine Straßenbahn führt, Sitz eines Erzbischofs, hat eine wohlerhaltene Kathedrale von 1174–89, das bedeutendste Bauwerk des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monreale — Monreāle, Stadt auf Sizilien, (1901) 23.778 E.; Dom (1170 gegründet, in normann. sizil. Stil). [Karte: Italien I, 5] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monreale — Monreale, Morreale, sicil. Stadt 1 Ml. von Palermo, Sitz eines Erzbischofs, mit 14000 E., Kathedrale aus dem 12. Jahrh., Benediktinerkloster; Mandelbau …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Monreale — • In the province of Palermo, Sicily, on the skirts of Mount Caputo Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Monreale — Monreale,   Stadt auf Sizilien, 8 km südwestlich von Palermo, Italien, über der Conca d Oro, 310 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 27 700 Einwohner; Erzbischofssitz.   Stadtbild:   Die Kathedrale (1174 89) gilt als großartigster Bau normannischer Kunst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Monreale — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Montréal (homonymie). Monreale …   Wikipédia en Français

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