monitorial system

also called  Lancasterian system 

      teaching method in which the older or better scholars teach the younger or weaker pupils. In the system, as formulated by the English educator Joseph Lancaster (Lancaster, Joseph), the superior students learned their lessons from the adult teacher in charge of the school and then transmitted their knowledge to the inferior students. By 1806 Lancaster's monitorial system for the education of poor children was the most widely emulated in the world. The method marked its success through economy (it reduced the number of adult teachers needed) and efficiency (it avoided wasting the time of children who waited for the attention of the principal teacher). Parents of the monitors, however, objected to the learning time their children were losing even though many of the monitors were paid a small weekly sum. It was found that some training of the monitors was necessary, and in about 1840 the movement began that replaced monitors with “pupil-teachers”—i.e., boys and girls who, at the age of 13, were apprenticed for a period of five years, during which time they learned the art of teaching while continuing their education under the head teacher of an elementary school. Some such programs developed into normal schools (normal school) and training colleges, in which professional and academic education could be continued after the apprenticeship was completed. The rapid rise and decline of the monitorial system in the United States was an important factor in the establishment of free nondenominational school systems.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monitorial System — The Monitorial System was an education method that became popular on a global scale during the early 19th century. This method was also known as mutual instruction or the Bell Lancaster method after the British educators Dr Andrew Bell and Joseph …   Wikipedia

  • monitorial system — noun : an educational system formerly in use by many charity schools that consisted in employing older pupils to teach the younger ones see lancasterian …   Useful english dictionary

  • Monitorial schools — are schools where classrooms are organized with sub groups of students based on ability. The teacher would teach the higher group of students and then let them help teach the children who were of a lower ability. First developed in the 19th… …   Wikipedia

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • teacher education — Introduction       any of the formal programs that have been established for the preparation of teachers (higher education) at the elementary and secondary school levels.       While arrangements of one kind or another for the education of the… …   Universalium

  • Davenant Foundation School — Established 1680 Religion Christian Headteacher Mr Chris Seward S …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Lancaster — For the Florida Supreme Court Justice, see Joseph B. Lancaster Joseph Lancaster (25 November 1778 ndash; 23 October 1838) was an English Quaker, and public education innovator.Lancaster was born the son of a shopkeeper in Southwark, south… …   Wikipedia

  • Lancaster, Joseph — ▪ British educator born Nov. 25, 1778, London, Eng. died Oct. 24, 1838, New York, N.Y., U.S.  British born educator who developed the system of mass education known as the Lancasterian method, a monitorial (monitorial system), or “mutual,”… …   Universalium

  • Bell, Andrew — ▪ Scottish educator born March 27, 1753, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland died January 27, 1832, Cheltenham, England       Scottish clergyman who developed popular education by the method of supervised mutual teaching among students.       Bell… …   Universalium

  • Andrew Bell (educationalist) — For other people with similar names, see Andrew Bell Andrew Bell (1753–1832) was a Scottish Anglican priest and educationalist who pioneered the Madras System of Education (also known as mutual instruction or the monitorial system ) in schools… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.