Monier, Joseph

▪ French inventor
born 1823, France
died 1906, Paris

      French gardener, one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.

      Monier, a commercial gardener, experimented with iron-wire reinforcement for his cement and concrete tubs and basins. He patented the idea in 1867 and exhibited his invention the same year at the Paris Exposition. It soon occurred to him, as it did to François Hennebique, to extend its application to other engineering structures, such as railway ties (sleepers), to pipes, and to floors, arches, and bridges. He was not the first to conceive the combination of metal wires or rods embedded in concrete, but, despite his lack of technical training, he showed a remarkable intuitive grasp of the new material.

      In Monier's patented designs the basic principle of reinforced-concrete structural members was clearly established: the concrete slab or girder took most of the compressive forces, and the embedded metal wire took most of the tensile forces. The two elements acted as a unit; and although it was many years before the theoretical basis for the new material could be laid, structural applications multiplied rapidly, especially in Europe.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monier, Joseph — SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building, Civil engineering [br] b. 1823 France d. 1906 Paris, France [br] French gardener and one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete. [br] Monier was a commercial gardener who in the course of his… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Joseph Monier — (* 8. November 1823 in Saint Quentin la Poterie, Frankreich; † 12. März 1906 in Paris) war ein französischer Gärtner, Erfinder und Unternehmer. Er gilt als der Erfinder des Eisenbetons, auch wenn andere wie François Martin Lebrun, François… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Monier — (November 8, 1823, Saint Quentin la Poterie, France mdash;March 13, 1906, Paris) was a French gardener and one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.As a gardener, Monier was not satisfied with the materials available for making… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Monier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monier. Joseph Monier Joseph Monier est un jardinier et inventeur français né le 8 novembre 1823 à Saint Q …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monier (entreprise) — Groupe Monier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monier. Groupe Monier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monier SAS — Groupe Monier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monier. Groupe Monier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monier — may refer to: Damien Monier (born 1982), French professional road bicycle racer Joseph Monier (1823 1906), one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete Louis Monier (born 1956), founder of Internet search engine AltaVista Monier Monier… …   Wikipedia

  • Monier — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Damien Monier (* 1982), französischer Radrennfahrer Joseph Monier (1823–1906), französischer Gärtner, erfand den Stahlbeton Siehe auch: Monier Group, eine weltweit agierende Unternehmensgruppe Monnier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monier —   [mɔn je], Joseph, Gärtnereibesitzer, * Saint Quentin la Poterie (bei Nîmes) 8. 11. 1823, ✝ Paris 13. 3. 1906; stellte 1849/50 mit Rundeisen (»Monier Stahl«) armierte Blumenkübel her und setzte sich für die Einführung des 1855 von ihm erfundenen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Joseph Monier — var en fransk gartner der udtog patent på jernbeton i 1867 …   Danske encyklopædi

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