Mobilian Jargon

       pidgin, or trade language with limited vocabulary, based on Choctaw and Chickasaw, languages of the Muskogean family that were originally spoken in what is now the southeastern United States (see American Indian languages; Southeast Indian).

      Although it is named for the Native American people whom early 18th-century French settlers called Mobile (and for whom the colonials named their settlement near present-day Mobile, Ala.), the language was not developed by the Mobile people. It may have originated as a means of communication between Native Americans from different linguistic groups, but scholars do not know if it predated French colonization.

      During the 18th and 19th centuries, Mobilian Jargon served as a lingua franca for Native Americans and many of the outsiders with whom they interacted, including traders, missionaries, settlers, and slaves. Indigenous and European American fur traders probably spread the use of the language to areas outside the Choctaw and Chickasaw territories, and it was eventually used as far west as eastern Texas and as far north as southern Missouri.

      Although most of its vocabulary came from Choctaw and Chickasaw, Mobilian Jargon was not mutually intelligible with those languages; it also included words from other Muskogean languages and from Algonquian (Algonquian languages), French, Spanish, and English. Like another Amerindian pidgin, Chinook Jargon, Mobilian Jargon was gradually replaced as a lingua franca by English and by the mid-20th century had died out.

      Mobilian Jargon required no subject and object affixes on the verb and used free pronouns in an invariant object–subject–verb constituent order in a sentence, as in šonak eno banna ‘I want money' (literally, ‘money I want') and yamaeno anompole ‘I speak Mobilian' (literally, ‘Mobilian I speak'). Like Chinook Jargon, it was thus less polysynthetic than the languages from which it had evolved. Muskogean languages use such affixes concurrently with free subjects and objects but combine the free constituents according to the pattern subject–object–verb complex, the verb complex consisting of the verb and its affixes. Mobilian Jargon also used a separate word after the verb to mark tense, whereas Muskogean languages use a suffix.

Salikoko Sangol Mufwene
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mobilian Jargon — Mobilian Spoken in Gulf coast and Mississippi Valley Extinct active through 1960s Language family pidgin, Muskogean based Language codes …   Wikipedia

  • Mobilian — may refer to: Mobilian jargon An informal Native Americans trade language used among the tribes of the Southeastern United States, primarily along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico The Native American village of Mabila A resident of the city of… …   Wikipedia

  • jargon — jargon1 jargony, jargonistic, adj. jargonist, jargoneer, n. /jahr geuhn, gon/, n. 1. the language, esp. the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group: medical jargon. 2. unintelligible or meaningless talk or writing;… …   Universalium

  • Мобильский жаргон — Самоназвание: Yamá Страны: США …   Википедия

  • Indigenous languages of the Americas — Yucatec Maya writing in the Dresden Codex, ca. 11–12th century, Chichen Itza Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses which… …   Wikipedia

  • Amerikanische Indianersprachen — Die Artikel Indigene amerikanische Sprachen und Indigene Sprachen Nordamerikas überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion über diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amerikanische Sprachen — Die Artikel Indigene amerikanische Sprachen und Indigene Sprachen Nordamerikas überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion über diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cuitlatec — Die Artikel Indigene amerikanische Sprachen und Indigene Sprachen Nordamerikas überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion über diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Indianersprache — Die Artikel Indigene amerikanische Sprachen und Indigene Sprachen Nordamerikas überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion über diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Indianersprachen — Die Artikel Indigene amerikanische Sprachen und Indigene Sprachen Nordamerikas überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion über diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.