Mirabeau, Victor Riqueti, marquis de

▪ French political economist
born Oct. 5, 1715, Pertuis, Fr.
died July 13, 1789, Argenteuil

      French political economist, the forerunner and later patron of the Physiocratic school of economic thought. He was the father of the renowned French revolutionary the Comte de Mirabeau.

      After serving as an officer in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–38) and the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48), Mirabeau left the army to devote himself to the study of political economy. In his first major work, Mémoire concernant l'utilité des états provinciaux . . . (1750; “Memorandum Concerning the Usefulness of the Provincial Estates . . .”), he criticized the highly centralized governmental system that had been set up by King Louis XIV and proposed that the provincial assemblies, which then existed in only a small part of France, be established throughout the kingdom. In his popular Ami des hommes, ou Traité de la population (1756–58; “The Friend of Man, or Treatise on Population”), Mirabeau borrowed heavily from the ideas of Richard Cantillon, an earlier 18th-century British writer, in stressing the primacy of agriculture over commerce as a source of wealth. Mirabeau's approach to economics had anticipated the doctrines that were being formulated by the Physiocratic school of François Quesnay, and the Marquis soon associated himself with the Physiocrats' attempts to reform France's antiquated, inefficient system of taxation. In his Théorie de l'impôt (1760; “Theory of Taxation”) he attacked the tax farmers (financiers who purchased from the crown the right to collect indirect taxes) and proposed that they be replaced with a system of direct taxes on land and on personal income. Although the tax farmers pressured the government into exiling Mirabeau to his estates at Bignon, he continued to devote his efforts to the advancement of Physiocracy.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mirabeau, Victor Riqueti, marquis de — (1715 1789)    economist    Born in Pertuis, Vaucluse, Victor Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau was a representative of the Physio cratic theory of economics (see François quesnay) and author of L Ami des hommes ou Traité sur la population (1756). He… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Victor Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau — Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mirabeau. Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor Riquetti, marquis de Mirabeau — Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mirabeau. Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor riqueti de mirabeau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mirabeau. Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mirabeau. Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau Naissan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau — Victor de Riquetti, marquis de Mirabeau (October 5, 1715, Pertuis ndash; July 13, 1789) was a French economist of the Physiocratic school. He was the father of great Honoré, Comte de Mirabeau and is, in distinction, often referred to as the elder …   Wikipedia

  • Victor Riqueti — Victor Riquetti Victor Riquetti Marquis de Mirabeau (* 5. Oktober 1715 in Pertuis; † 13. Juli 1789 in Argenteuil) war ein französischer Volkswirt (Physiokrat) und Schriftsteller. Er war der Vater des berühmten Revolutionärs Gabriel de Riqueti,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel Riqueti, comte de — ▪ French politician and orator Introduction born March 9, 1749, Bignon, near Nemours, France died April 2, 1791, Paris  French politician and orator, one of the greatest figures in the National Assembly that governed France during the early… …   Universalium

  • Mirabeau l'aîné — Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mirabeau. Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor Riquetti de Mirabeau — Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mirabeau. Victor Riqueti de Mirabeau …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.