Mills, Caleb

▪ American educator
born July 29, 1806, Dunbarton, N.H., U.S.
died Oct. 17, 1879, Crawfordsville, Ind.

      American educator known as the father of Indiana's public schools.

      Mills, the son of a farmer, was educated at local schools and at the Pembroke Academy before entering Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H. He graduated in 1828 and then pursued theological studies at Andover Theological Seminary in Andover, Mass., completing his work there in 1833 and being ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1835.

      In 1833 Mills moved to Indiana and settled in Crawfordsville, where he established a school that later became Wabash College. At first he was the sole instructor as well as principal, but by 1835 Wabash College had a faculty and Mills was professor of languages. He later served variously as principal of the preparatory department and of the normal school, professor of Greek language and literature, and college librarian.

      Appalled at the low level of literacy then prevailing in Indiana, Mills began a one-man crusade to bring about the creation of a state public-school system. Starting in 1846 he wrote anonymous messages (signed “One of the People”) to each Indiana state legislator. He continued writing until, in 1852, the legislature passed an act that established a system of common schools and provided tax support for them. Owing to legislative imperfections the act was later invalidated by state courts, but a subsequent act in 1865 finally established the system.

      In the interim, Mills served as state superintendent of public instruction (1854–57). During his administration, he helped found the Indiana State Teachers Association, and he awakened the people of the state to the need for normal schools to produce better-trained teachers.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mills (surname) — Mills is a surname, and may refer to many people. Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Aaron Mills, American football player Ada Mills, Arkansa …   Wikipedia

  • Caleb Strong — (* 9. Januar 1745 in Northampton, Massachusetts; † 7. November 1819 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caleb Mills — (1806 1879) was an American educator and the first faculty member of Wabash College in Crawfordsville, Indiana. He helped to construct the public education system of Indiana. Mills came to Wabash College in 1833, after graduating from Dartmouth… …   Wikipedia

  • Caleb Wright — (1810 April 28, 1898) was a mill owner and Liberal politician in Lancashire, north west England.He was one of thirteen children of William Wright, bookmaker of Tyldesley, near Manchester. Obituary , The Times, April 29, 1898, p. 10] At the age of …   Wikipedia

  • Caleb Strong — (9 janvier 1745 7 novembre 1819) est un homme politique américain. Il fut un des deux premiers sénateurs du Massachusetts de 1789 à 1796, puis gouverneur de cet État sous l étiquette fédéraliste de 1800 à 1807 et de 1812 à 1816. Précédé par Caleb …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caleb Deschanel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Deschanel. Caleb Deschanel Caleb Deschanel est un chef opérateur franco américain, né à Philadelphie ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caleb Fairley — Infobox Criminal subject name = Caleb Fairley image size = image caption = date of birth = place of birth = Pennsylvania date of death = place of death = charge = two counts of murder, robbery, two counts of aggravated assault, abuse of a corpse… …   Wikipedia

  • Ogden Mills & Ruth Livingston Mills State Park — New York State Park Named for: Ogden Livingston Mills Country United States State New York County …   Wikipedia

  • Elijah Hunt Mills — Elijah H. Mills Elijah Hunt Mills (* 1. Dezember 1776 in Chesterfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts; † 5. Mai 1829 in Northampton, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Föderalistische Partei), der den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Heroes characters — From left to right: Micah, Niki, Nathan, Peter, Noah, Claire, Hiro, Mohinder, Matt, Sylar This is a list of fictional characters in the television series Heroes …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.