Miami, University of

      private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Coral Gables, Florida, U.S. Through its 14 schools and colleges the university offers comprehensive undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs, including schools of medicine, law, architecture, and marine and atmospheric science. The School of Medicine and the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science have separate campuses in Miami, and the university has a South Campus in southwestern Miami. The North-South Center is the research component of the Graduate School of International Studies. Other research facilities include centres and institutes for the study of aging, vision, and molecular and cellular evolution. The university also offers a range of programs for overseas study. Total enrollment is approximately 14,000.

      The University of Miami was chartered in 1925 and opened the following year. In its first 15 years of existence, the university floundered financially, undergoing bankruptcy and reorganization when the local real-estate market collapsed, the area was devastated by a major hurricane, and the Great Depression hit. Its rescue was aided by the origination, in 1933, of what became known as the Orange Bowl, a collegiate American football game played annually on or just after New Year's Day (January 1); the university itself is renowned for its often superb football teams.

      The School of Medicine opened in 1952 and became known for orthopedic surgery and eye surgery and eye-care procedures. The Lowe Art Museum (1950) is located on the main campus. Notable alumni of the university include photographers Arnold Newman (Newman, Arnold) and David Douglas Duncan (Duncan, David Douglas).

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Universalium. 2010.

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