Meikle, Andrew

▪ Scottish inventor
born 1719, Scotland
died Nov. 27, 1811, Houston Mill, near Dunbar, East Lothian

      Scottish millwright and inventor of the threshing machine for removing the husks from grain.

      During most of his life Meikle was a millwright at Houston Mill. In 1778 he constructed his first threshing machine, probably basing its design on a device patented in 1734 by Michael Menzies. The machine was a failure, as was a second, developed from a Northumberland model. Meikle analyzed these threshers and constructed a strong drum with fixed beaters that beat rather than rubbed the grain. The drum that made Meikle's machine a success may have been copied from the flax-scutching machine used to beat the fibres from flax plants. He took out a patent in 1788 and probably began manufacture a year later; he does not seem to have realized a fortune from his invention, inasmuch as a subscription for his relief was started in 1809. Meikle also devised a method for rapidly furling the sails of windmills to prevent damage from storms.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meikle, Andrew — SUBJECT AREA: Agricultural and food technology [br] b. 1719 Scotland d. 27 November 1811 [br] Scottish millwright and inventor of the threshing machine. [br] The son of the millwright James Meikle, who is credited with the introduction of the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Andrew Meikle — Andrew Meikle, A. Reddock, c.1790 1800 Andrew Meikle (* 1719; † 27. November 1811) war ein schottischer Mechaniker, der als Erfinder der Dreschmaschine bezeichnet wird. Er arbeitet als Mühlenbauer an der Houston Mill in East Linton, East Lothi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Meikle — (1719 ndash; 27 November 1811) was an early mechanical engineer credited with, in about 1786, inventing (though some say he only improved on an earlier design) the threshing machine (used for removing the outer husks from grains of wheat, etc;… …   Wikipedia

  • Meikle — Loch in Aberdeenshire, North East Scotland Meikle Millyea, a mountain in South West Scotland Meikle Pap, a mountain in North East Scotland People: Andrew Meikle, the Scots engineer, inventor of the Threshing machine Jane Meikle, Canadian TV… …   Wikipedia

  • Meikle — ist der Name von Andrew Meikle (1719−1811), Mechaniker, der als Erfinder der Dreschmaschine bezeichnet wird Robert Desmond Meikle (* 1923), nordirischer Botaniker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Wakefield — Born 1957 (age 53–54) Nationality British Education King Edward s School, Bath Alma mater St Mary s Hospital Medical School, London …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew Wakefield — Naissance 1957 Nationalité Britannique Renommé pour controverse récente liant les vaccins ROR à l autisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Meikle — This intriguing personal name derives from the Scottish term Meikill meaning big, large. Its ultimate origins are from the Old English pre 7th Century micel of the same meaning and would have been given in early times as a nickname to a big,… …   Surnames reference

  • Liste der Biografien/Mef–Mej — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • windmill — /wind mil /, n. 1. any of various machines for grinding, pumping, etc., driven by the force of the wind acting upon a number of vanes or sails. 2. (loosely) a wind generator; wind plant. 3. Aeron. a small air turbine with blades, like those of an …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.