▪ Greek historian
born c. 350 BC
died c. 290

      ancient Greek historian and diplomat, author of an account of India, the Indica, in four books. An Ionian, he was sent by the Hellenistic king Seleucus I (Seleucus I Nicator) on embassies to the Mauryan emperor Candra Gupta (Chandra Gupta). He gave the most complete account of India then known to the Greek world and was the source for work by the later historians Diodorus (Diodorus Siculus), Strabo, Pliny (Pliny the Elder), and Arrian. The major faults of Megasthenes' work were mistakes in details, an uncritical acceptance of Indian folklore, and a tendency to idealize Indian culture by the standards of Greek philosophy.

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  • Megasthenes — (Μεγασθένης, ca. 350 – 290 BCE) was a Greek ethnographer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work Indica. He was born in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) and became an ambassador of Seleucus I of Syria possibly to Chandragupta Maurya in… …   Wikipedia

  • Megasthenes — (* um 350 v. Chr.; † um 290 v. Chr.) war ein antiker griechischer Diplomat, Geschichtsschreiber und Geograph. Leben und Werk Geboren in Kleinasien, lebte er laut Arrian im Gebiet des seleukidischen Teilreichs Gedrosien Arachosien (heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Megasthenes — Mégasthènes Mégasthénès (ou Mégasthènes, Megasthène), vers 340 av. J. C. 282 av. J. C., naquit en Ionie, l actuelle Turquie. Vers 300 av. J. C., il fut envoyé en ambassade par Seleukos Nikator auprès du roi Chandragupta Maurya dont la cour se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MEGASTHENES° — (c. 350–290 B.C.E.), ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta. Megasthenes wrote a work on India idealizing the Indians. He apparently included in this work idealized descriptions of the Jews, whom he probably… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Megasthĕnes — Megasthĕnes, griechischer Geschichtsschreiber, Gesandter des Königs Seleukos von Syrien bei Sibyrios, Satrapen von Arachosien, u. beim indischen Maharadscha 295 v. Chr.; er kam weiter in Indien als Alexander d. Gr. u. schr.: Ἰνδικά (Indische… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Megasthēnes — Megasthēnes, griech. Geschichtschreiber, um 300 v. Chr. Gesandter des Seleukos Nikator bei dem indischen König Sandrokottos, verfaßte vier Bücher »Indica«, ein Werk, das den Höhepunkt der Kenntnis des Altertums über Indien bildete, die Quelle für …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • MEGASTHENES — Historicus Graecus, sub Seleuco Nicanore. Strab. l. 1. Clemens l. 1. Strom. Scripsit Historiam Indiae, saepe laudatam priscis, quae periit. Quam enim Annas Viterbiensis, eius nomine, edidit, supposititia est. Euseb. l. 9. Praep. Euang. Arian. l.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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  • megasthenes —   Gk megas, large; sthenos, strength. The central zone of the sterile lemma bears a patch of rigid hairs …   Etymological dictionary of grasses

  • Megasthenes' Herakles — Bronze Herakles statuette from Ai Khanoum, Bactria, 2nd century BCE. Megasthenes Herakles is the conventional name of reference of an ancient Indian deity. Herakles was originally a classical Greek divinity. However, in the aftermath of Alexander …   Wikipedia

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