McCarthy, Eugene J.
▪ United States senatorin full Eugene Joseph McCarthyborn March 29, 1916, Watkins, Minnesota, U.S.died December 10, 2005, Washington, D.C.U.S. senator, whose entry into the 1968 race for the Democratic presidential nomination ultimately led President Lyndon B. Johnson (Johnson, Lyndon B.) to drop his bid for reelection.McCarthy graduated from St. John's University (Collegeville, Minnesota) in 1935, then taught high school while working on a master's degree at the University of Minnesota. He returned as a faculty member to St. John's (1940–43) and subsequently served in the War Department's military intelligence division until the end of World War II. After the war McCarthy again taught school, eventually becoming chairman of the sociology department at the College of St. Thomas in St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1948 he ran successfully on Minnesota's Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party ticket for the U.S. House of Representatives, where he remained for 10 years, compiling a liberal voting record.In 1958 McCarthy was elected to the Senate, where he remained a relatively unknown figure nationally until November 30, 1967. On that day, he announced his intention to challenge Johnson in the Democratic presidential primaries. Although in 1964 he had supported the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (which gave the president broad powers to wage the Vietnam War), by 1967 McCarthy had become an outspoken critic of the war. At first McCarthy's challenge was not taken seriously, but his candidacy soon attracted the growing numbers of Democrats who opposed further American involvement in the Vietnam War. After the Minnesota senator, with his trenchant wit and scholarly, understated manner, captured 42 percent of the vote in the New Hampshire primary in March 1968, Johnson made the dramatic announcement of his withdrawal from the race. McCarthy went on to sweep three primaries but then lost four of the next five to Senator Robert F. Kennedy (Kennedy, Robert F.). Following Kennedy's assassination, McCarthy lost the nomination at the convention in Chicago to Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey (Humphrey, Hubert H), who had declined to run in the primaries.In 1970 McCarthy decided not to run for reelection to the Senate. Humphrey won his seat, and McCarthy turned to a career of writing and lecturing. In 1972 he conducted a lacklustre campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination, which was won by Senator George S. McGovern (McGovern, George S). Four years later McCarthy made a more vigorous, but again unsuccessful, attempt to win the presidency as an independent; his campaigns in 1988 and 1992 also failed. In 1982 McCarthy made an unsuccessful bid for the Senate seat from Minnesota. Among his numerous books are Ground Fog and Night (1979), a collection of poems; Complexities and Contraries: Essays of Mild Discontent (1982); Up 'Til Now (1987), a memoir; 1968: War and Democracy (2000), about the 1968 presidential election; and Parting Shots from My Brittle Brow (2004).
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McCarthy, Eugene Joseph — ▪ 2006 American politician (b. March 29, 1916, Watkins, Minn. d. Dec. 10, 2005, Washington, D.C.), left an indelible mark on U.S. history by prompting fellow Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson not to seek reelection to the U.S. presidency in 1968. A… … Universalium
McCarthy, Eugene J(oseph) — born March 29, 1916, Watkins, Minn., U.S. U.S. politician. He taught at the College of St. Thomas in St. Paul, Minn., before being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (1949–59) and later the Senate (1959–71). A liberal Democrat, he… … Universalium
McCarthy, Eugene J(oseph) — (n. 29 mar. 1916, Watkins, Minn., EE.UU.). Político estadounidense. Fue profesor del College of St. Thomas en St. Paul, Minn., antes de integrar la Cámara de Representantes (1949–59) y luego el Senado de EE.UU. (1959–71). Como demócrata liberal,… … Enciclopedia Universal
McCarthy, Eugene (Joseph) — (1916–2005) American Democratic politician … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Eugene McCarthy — Eugene Joseph McCarthy Eugene Joseph McCarthy (* 29. März 1916 in Watkins, Meeker County, Minnesota; † 10. Dezember 2005 in Georgetown, Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, der den Bundesstaat Minnesota in beiden Kammern des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eugene Joseph McCarthy — (* 29. März 1916 in Watkins, Minnesota; † 10. Dezember 2005 in Georgetown, Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Leben … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eugene McCarthy — Eugene Joseph Gene McCarthy (né à Watkins, Minnesota le 29 mars 1916 et décédé à Washington D.C. le 10 décembre 2005) est un politicien américain qui est resté longtemps membre du Congrès des États Unis d Amérique : il a siégé à la Chambre… … Wikipédia en Français
McCarthy — (una variante de MacCarthy) es un apellido popular en EEUU, el Reino Unido e Irlanda, de donde es originario. Proviene de Carthach un rey irlandés del siglo X de la dinastía Éogonacht. El hijo de Carthach se llamaba Muireadhach mac Carthaigh… … Enciclopedia Universal
Eugene — /yooh jeen / or, for 2, /yooh jeen/, n. 1. a city in W Oregon. 105,624. 2. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning wellborn. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 137,893), western Oregon, U.S. Located on the Willamette River, it was settled by Eugene… … Universalium
Eugène — /ue zhen /, n. Prince (François Eugène de Savoie Carignan), 1663 1736, Austrian general, born in France. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 137,893), western Oregon, U.S. Located on the Willamette River, it was settled by Eugene Skinner in 1846. Named… … Universalium