maternal school

French  École Maternelle 

      a French (France) school for children between two and six years old. Private schools for young children were founded in France around 1779, under the influence of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Émile. The central government took over most of them in 1833 and named them maternal schools, hoping that the care would be like that of a mother. Pauline Kergomard, general inspector of schools from 1879 to 1917, abolished fees in 1881. In 1886 she issued guidelines advocating that children should be offered challenging toys and games and allowed to move about. By 1911 every French child had access to either a specially housed maternal school or to an infants school in a primary-school building, and about 60 percent attended such a school or a similar private school.

      Maternal schools are voluntary and are open six days a week for many hours each day. Most private maternal schools charge no fees and adhere closely to government guidelines in return for generous subsidies. Children are supervised in games, exercises, and other recreational activities and are given rudimentary instruction in speaking, singing, drawing, general knowledge, and basic ethics. Efforts are made to improve perception and language skills, to broaden experience, and to instill moral sensitivity. Researchers have found that maternal schools help poor children greatly with exercise and nutrition but are hampered in raising intellectual skills, because of a high pupil-teacher ratio.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maternal oral health — has been shown to effect the well being of both the mother and her unborn fetus. Oral health has long been considered an arena of its own, distinct from general health, but there has been a recent push to bring together these two fields. The 2000 …   Wikipedia

  • Maternal-child nursing — refers to the combined nursing specialties of obstetrical nursing, pediatric nursing, and neonatal nursing. Nursing portal …   Wikipedia

  • maternal — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) adj. motherly, motherlike. See ancestry, female. II (Roget s IV) modif. Syn. parental, sympathetic, protective; see motherly . III (Roget s 3 Superthesaurus) a. motherly, parental, nurturing, protecting …   English dictionary for students

  • Maternal and Child Health Bureau — Contents 1 Key Facts 2 Maternal and Child Health 3 History 4 Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant Program …   Wikipedia

  • Maternal bond — A mother holds up her child. The maternal bond (or motherly bond) is typically the relationship between a mother and her child. While it typically occurs due to pregnancy and childbirth, it may also occur between a woman and an unrelated child,… …   Wikipedia

  • Maternal deprivation — Mother and child The term maternal deprivation is a catch phrase summarising the early work of psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, John Bowlby on the effects of separating infants and young children from their mother (or mother substitute)[1]… …   Wikipedia

  • Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership — The Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP), based at Emory University’s Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, is a two and a half year initiative to demonstrate a community oriented model for improving maternal and… …   Wikipedia

  • Maternal insult — Yo Mama , Your Mom Yo momma redirect here. For the MTV show hosted by Wilmer Valderamma based on the use of mothers in taunts, see Yo Momma (TV series) A maternal insult (also referred to as a yo momma joke) is a reference to a person s mother… …   Wikipedia

  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health — Gillings School of Global Public Health University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Established 1940 Location …   Wikipedia

  • St. Paul's School (Concord, New Hampshire) — This is about St. Paul s School in the United States. For other schools with the same name, see the disambiguation page.Infobox Private School background = #f0f6fa border = #ccd2d9 name = St. Paul s School established = 1856 type = Private,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.