Maslow, Abraham H.

▪ American psychologist
in full  Abraham Harold Maslow 
born April 1, 1908, New York, New York, U.S.
died June 8, 1970, Menlo Park, California

      American psychologist and philosopher best known for his self-actualization theory of psychology, which argued that the primary goal of psychotherapy should be the integration of the self.

      Maslow studied psychology at the University of Wisconsin and Gestalt psychology at the New School for Social Research in New York City before joining the faculty of Brooklyn College in 1937. In 1951 he became head of the psychology department at Brandeis University (Waltham, Massachusetts), where he remained until 1969.

      Influenced by existentialist philosophers and literary figures, Maslow was an important contributor in the United States to humanistic psychology, which is sometimes called the “third force.”

      In his major works, Motivation and Personality (1954) and Toward a Psychology of Being (1962), Maslow argued that each person has a hierarchy of needs that must be satisfied, ranging from basic physiological requirements to love, esteem, and, finally, self-actualization. As each need is satisfied, the next higher level in the emotional hierarchy dominates conscious functioning. Maslow believed that truly healthy people were self-actualizers because they satisfied the highest psychological needs, fully integrating the components of their personality, or self. His papers, published posthumously, were issued in 1971 as The Farther Reaches of Human Nature.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MASLOW, ABRAHAM H. — MASLOW, ABRAHAM H. (1908–1970), U.S. psychologist. Maslow was professor and chairman of the psychology department at Brandeis University from 1951. He was president of the American Psychological Association. Maslow was best known as a personality …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maslow, Abraham — (1908–70) Gen Mgt U.S. psychologist and behavioral scientist. Known for his work on motivation, principally the hierarchy of needs, which was set out in his book Motivation and Personality (1954). Maslow’s concepts were originally offered as… …   The ultimate business dictionary

  • Maslow, Abraham H. — (1908 70) An American psychologist who developed a theory of self actualization from his observations of well functioning individuals. He is often seen as the leading proponent of the so called Third Force in psychology emphasizing humanism and… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Maslow, Abraham H(arold) — born April 1, 1908, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 8, 1970, Menlo Park, Calif. U.S. psychologist. He taught at Brooklyn College (1937–51) and Brandeis University (1951–69). A practitioner of humanistic psychology, he is known for his theory of… …   Universalium

  • Maslow, Abraham H(arold) — (1 abr. 1908, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–8 jun. 1970, Menlo Park, Cal.). Psicólogo estadounidense. Ejerció la docencia en el Brooklyn College (1937–51) y en la Universidad de Brandeis (1951–69). Trabajó en psicología humanista y es conocido por su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Маслоу Абрахам / Maslow, Abraham H. — (1908 1970). Маслоу считал, что предложенный им подход к психологии попадает в широкую область гуманистической психологии, которую он характеризовал как «Третью силу» в американской психологии, представленной в то время двумя другими силами… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Maslow — Maslow, Abraham H …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Abraham Maslow — Born April 1, 1908 (1908 04) Brooklyn, New York Died June 8, 1970( …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Maslow — Abraham Harold Maslow (Brooklyn, Nueva York, 1 de abril de 1908 8 de junio de 1970 Palo Alto, California) fue un psicólogo estadounidense conocido como uno de los fundadores y principales exponentes de la psicología humanista, una corriente… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abraham Maslow — Naissance 1er avril 1908 New York Décès 8 juin 1970 (à 62 ans) Californie Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.