Mármol, José

▪ Argentine writer
born Dec. 2, 1817, Buenos Aires, Arg.
died Aug. 9, 1871, Buenos Aires

      Argentine poet and novelist whose outspoken denunciation in verse and prose of the Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas (Rosas, Juan Manuel de) earned him the title of “verdugo poético de Rosas” (“poetic hangman of Rosas”), and whose best-known work, Amalia (1851–55; Amalia: A Romance of the Argentine, 1919), is considered by many critics to be the first Argentine novel. He was highly influential on the development of the realistic novel in Latin America.

      Mármol, outspoken from his youth in his opposition to Rosas and to tyranny in any form, was imprisoned in 1839 for his political views and eventually was forced to flee the country. He wrote most of his works during his years of exile in Montevideo and in Rio de Janeiro. Amalia dramatically depicts the horrors of the Rosas regime with a highly romantic plot of love set against a background of contemporary events. In poetry such as Rosas: El 25 de mayo de 1850 (1850) Mármol also spoke out against the dictator with a forcefulness that made him the hero of liberals throughout Latin America.

      In 1852, after the overthrow of Rosas, Mármol returned home to Argentina as a national hero. An important public figure, he served as a senator and as director of the National Library, a post he held from 1858 until his death.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mármol, José — ► (1815? 71) Escritor y político argentino. Autor de la novela Cantos del peregrino …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jose Marmol — José Mármol José Mármol (* 2. Dezember 1817 in Buenos Aires; † 9. August 1871 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Schriftsteller, der mit dem Roman Amalia eines der bedeutendsten romantischen Werke Lateinamerikas verfasste. Er bekleidete politische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Mármol — José Mármol, eigentl. José Pedro Crisólogo Mármol, (* 2. Dezember 1817 in Buenos Aires; † 9. August 1871 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Schriftsteller, der mit dem Roman Amalia eines der bedeutendsten romantischen Werke Lateinamerikas verfasste.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marmol — Mármol ist das spanische Wort für Marmor und der Name folgender Personen: Fernando Tarrida del Mármol (1861–1915), kubanischer Schriftsteller José Mármol (1817–1871), argentinischer Schriftsteller Miguel Mármol (1905–1993), Gewerkschaftsaktivist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MÁRMOL (J.) — MÁRMOL JOSÉ (1817 1871) Pendant la dictature de Rosas, Mármol est, en Argentine, le porte parole des opposants et des proscrits. En 1839, il est emprisonné à cause de ses opinions politiques, puis il doit quitter l’Argentine; la plupart de ses… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marmol — Marmol, José, spanisch amerikan. Dichter, geb. 5. Dez. 1818, gest. 12. Aug. 1871 in Buenos Aires, studierte daselbst und in Montevideo Rechtswissenschaft, wurde wegen seiner freimütigen Äußerungen gegen die Tyrannei des Diktators Rosas… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • José Mármol — Para la localidad del Gran Buenos Aires, véase José Mármol (Buenos Aires). José Mármol …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mármol — (Del lat. marmor.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 GEOLOGÍA Piedra caliza metamórfica de textura compacta y cristalina, con vetas de distintos colores, usada en construcción y decoración. 2 ESCULTURA Escultura hecha de este material. 3 INDUSTRIA Plancha …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Navas-Parejo — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • José Mármol (Buenos Aires) — José Mármol …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.