Marett, Robert R.

▪ British anthropologist
in full  Robert Ranulph Marett 
born June 13, 1866, Jersey, Channel Islands
died Feb. 18, 1943

      English social anthropologist who, like Sir James George Frazer and Andrew Lang, came to anthropology with a strong background in classical literature and philosophy. Marett is best-known for his studies of the evolution of moral philosophy and religious beliefs and practices.

      He studied at Victoria College in Jersey and Balliol College, Oxford, and, from 1891 until his death, held positions at Exeter College, Oxford, as a fellow, tutor of philosophy, examiner in literae humaniores, and rector. From 1910 to 1936 he was a reader in social anthropology.

      Marett's views on primitive religion differed somewhat from those of Frazer and Sir Edward Burnett Tylor, generally acknowledged as the greatest anthropologists of his day; Marett opposed their rigid, rational categorizations and spoke of early man's “primitive logic of the heart.” As opposed to Tylor's “animism,” he postulated an impersonal religion, or “animatism,” based on “awe,” a feeling of “submissiveness tempered with admiration, hopefulness, and even love.”

      Marett's unusually broad intellectual accomplishments ranged from Plato's Republic, about which he gave a famous series of lectures (published as Anthropology and the Classics, 1908, reissued 1967), to prehistoric archaeology. He was gifted with a lucid writing style with which he was able to propagate the field of anthropology. In 1909 he helped found the Oxford University Anthropological Society. His major publications include: The Threshold of Religion (1900), Anthropology (1912), Psychology and Folklore (1920), Faith, Hope and Charity in Primitive Religion (1932), Sacraments of Simple Folk (1933), and Head, Heart and Hands in Human Evolution (1935).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Marett — Robert Ranulph Marett (geb. 13. Juni 1866 auf Jersey, gest.18. Februar 1943 in Oxford) war ein britischer Philosoph, Ethnologe, Volkskundler und Religionswissenschaftler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Werk und Wirkung 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Ranulph Marett — R. R. Marett (Robert Ranulph Marett) 1866 1943 was a British ethnologist (Jersey 1866 1943). Exponent of the British evolutionary school, he dealt with religious ethnology. In this field he modified the evolutionary scale of religion fixed by… …   Wikipedia

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  • Robert Ranulph Marett — (* 13. Juni 1866 auf Jersey; † 18. Februar 1943 in Oxford) war ein britischer Philosoph, Ethnologe, Volkskundler und Religionswissenschaftler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk und Wirkung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marett — is a surname, and may refer to: Robert Pipon Marett, Jersey poet Robert Ranulph Marett, anthropologist and his son Zachary Marett, drum and bass producer and poet This page or section lists people with the surname Marett. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Pipon Marett — Sir Robert Pipon Marett (1820 1884, pseudonym Laelius ) was a lawyer, journalist, poet, politician, and Bailiff of Jersey from 1880 until his death.He was born in St. Peter on 20 November 1820 and studied at the University of Caen and the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Marett Lecture — The Robert Ranulph Marett Memorial Lectureship at Exeter College, Oxford is a memorial lecture established in memory of the late R. R. Marett, D.Litt., D.Sc., F.B.A., Rector of the College 1928 43, by subscribers to a Memorial Fund.[1] Date… …   Wikipedia

  • R.R. Marett — Robert Ranulph Marett (geb. 13. Juni 1866 auf Jersey, gest.18. Februar 1943 in Oxford) war ein britischer Philosoph, Ethnologe, Volkskundler und Religionswissenschaftler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Werk und Wirkung 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • R. R. Marett — Robert Ranulph Marett (geb. 13. Juni 1866 auf Jersey, gest.18. Februar 1943 in Oxford) war ein britischer Philosoph, Ethnologe, Volkskundler und Religionswissenschaftler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Werk und Wirkung 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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