Marcus, Siegfried

▪ German inventor
born Sept. 18, 1831, Malchin, Mecklenburg [Germany]
died June 30, 1898, Vienna, Austria

      inventor who built four of the world's earliest gasoline-powered automobiles (automobile).

      Marcus became an apprentice machinist at the age of 12, and five years later he joined an engineering company building telegraph lines. Within three years he invented a telegraphic relay system and moved to Vienna, where he was employed by several government and scientific organizations. In 1860 he established his own laboratory there. Marcus built his first automobile in 1864, a vehicle that was powered by a one-cylinder internal-combustion engine. Because the machine had no clutch, the rear wheels had to be lifted clear of the ground before the engine could be started. Dissatisfied with its performance after one test drive, he dismantled it.

      Absorbed in other projects, Marcus did not return to his invention until 10 years later. His next vehicle, with a remarkably advanced electrical system, is preserved in the Technical Museum for Industry and Trade in Vienna; it is probably the oldest gasoline-powered automobile extant. Because Marcus was a Jew, museum authorities had to hide the vehicle to prevent its destruction during the Nazi occupation. In 1949–50 it was overhauled and driven at about eight kilometres per hour (five miles per hour).

      Marcus built two later autos, neither of which survives. He held about 76 patents (though none on his automobiles) in about a dozen countries. He also invented an electric lamp (1877), various other electrical devices, and a carburetor.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MARCUS, SIEGFRIED — (1831–1898), German inventor, born in Malchin. Marcus joined the Berlin engineering firm of Siemens und Halske in 1848 and worked on the establishment of telegraphic communication between Berlin and Magdeburg. In 1852 he settled in Vienna, where… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Marcus, Siegfried — SUBJECT AREA: Automotive engineering, Land transport [br] b. 18 September 1831 Malchin, Mecklenburg d. 30 June 1898 Vienna, Austria [br] German inventor, builder of the world s first self propelled vehicle driven by an internal combustion engine …   Biographical history of technology

  • Siegfried I. — Siegfried ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 5 Siegfried in der Kunst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siegfried Marcus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marcus. Siegfried Marcus 1831 1898 Siegfried Samuel Marcus (18 septembre 1831 à Malchin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siegfried Marcus — Siegfried Marcus, 1831–98 Siegfried Marcus (* 18. September 1831 in Malchin; † 1. Juli 1898 in Wien; vollständiger Name: Siegfried Samuel Marcus) war ein überwiegend in Wien lebender Mechaniker und Erfinder. Wegen einer irrtümlichen Datierung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siegfried (Vorname) — Siegfried ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus (name) — Marcus Rowe The god Mars Pronunciation /ˈmɑrkəs/ mar kəs …   Wikipedia

  • Siegfried Sudhaus — (* 9. Juli 1863 in Treptow an der Rega; † 23. Oktober 1914 bei Bixschote) war ein deutscher klassischer Philologe und Papyrologe, der seit 1901 als Professor an der Kieler Universität wirkte. Er ist besonders durch seine textkritischen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus Brunson — (born 24 April 1978) is an American sprinter who specializes in the 100 metres. Achievements Year Competition Venue Position Notes Representing the  United States 2001 Universiade …   Wikipedia

  • Siegfried Marcus — Infobox Engineer image width = 150px caption = Siegfried Marcus 1831 1898 name = PAGENAME nationality = German birth date = September 18, 1831 birth place = death date = July 1, 1898 death place = education = spouse = parents = children =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.