Marchais, Georges

▪ French politician
in full  Georges-René-Louis Marchais 
born June 7, 1920, La Hoguette, France
died November 16, 1997, Paris

      French politician, leader of the French Communist Party from 1972 to 1994.

      As a young man Marchais worked as a mechanic and in 1946 became secretary of the union of metalworkers in Issy-les-Moulineaux, near Paris. Marchais joined the Communist Party in 1947, and his rise through the hierarchy was rapid. In 1956 he became a member of the central committee, and in 1972 he became secretary general of the party. In 1972, with the Socialist Party leader François Mitterrand (Mitterrand, François) and the radical leader Robert Fabre, Marchais worked out a common political program between the leftist parties in France intended to combine their electoral strength. Marchais was elected to the National Assembly in March 1973 and was continually reelected thereafter. He and his party supported Mitterrand as the unsuccessful candidate of the unified left in the presidential elections of 1974.

      After the breakup of the communist-socialist alliance in 1977, Marchais abandoned his previous moderate Marxist stance and adopted a more pro-Soviet, hard-line policy. But his attempt to restore the communists to their former dominance of the left by adopting an orthodox and dogmatic communist stance alienated many sympathizers and drove them to the socialist camp. In the first round of the presidential election in April 1981, Marchais ran against Mitterrand but dropped out after the first round, having polled only 15.3 percent of the vote, the worst showing for a communist presidential candidate since 1935. In subsequent years support for the Communist Party declined further; in parliamentary elections held in 1986 and 1993 the party received less than 10 percent of the vote. He retired as first secretary of the Communist Party in January 1994.

      Throughout his career Marchais's wartime record was a subject of controversy. Opponents charged that during World War II he volunteered to work in an aircraft factory in Germany; Marchais claimed that he had been deported into forced labour.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marchais, Georges — (1920 1995)    political figure    Born in La Hoguette, Calvados, Georges Marchais became a member of the French communist party (PCF) in 1947 and quickly rose through its ranks. He joined its Central Committee in 1956, its Political Bureau in… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Georges MARCHAIS — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marchais. Georges Marchais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MARCHAIS (G.) — MARCHAIS GEORGES (1920 ) Né à La Hoguette (Calvados) de père mineur, Georges Marchais entre à vingt ans comme mécanicien ajusteur à la Société nationale de construction aéronautique du Centre. Au cours de l’Occupation, il part travailler en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Georges Marchais — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marchais. Georges Marchais Georges Marchais, en 1981 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Marchais — Georges Marchais, 1981 Georges Marchais (* 7. Juni 1920 in Hoguette, Département Calvados; † 16. November 1997 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker und Gewerkschafter. Von 1972 bis 1994 war er Chef der Kommunistischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Marchais — Georges René Louis Marchais (June 7 1920, La Hoguette in Calvados November 16 1997, Paris) was the head of the French Communist Party (PCF) from 1972 to 1994, and a candidate in the French presidential elections of 1981 in which he managed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Marchais — Georges Marchais, 1981. Georges Marchais (La Hoguette, 7 de junio de 1920 París, 16 de noviembre de 1997) fue un político francés, Secretario General del Partido Comunista (PCF) entre 1970 y 1994, y líder a finales de los …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marchais — may refer to: Georges Marchais, French politician places in France: Marchais, Aisne, a commune in the department of Aisne Marchais en Brie, a commune in the department of Aisne Marchais Beton, a commune in the department of Yonne Saulx Marchais,… …   Wikipedia

  • Marchais-Beton — Marchais Beton …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Henri Carre — Georges Henri Carré Georges Henri Carré (né le 31 mai 1878 à Marchais Beton décédé le 25 décembre 1945 à Paris) est un peintre français. Biographie Il naquit le 31 mai 1878 à Marchais Beton (Yonne), dans la ferme… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.