Mapu, Abraham

▪ Lithuanian-Jewish author
born Jan. 10, 1808, near Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire
died Oct. 9, 1867, Königsberg, East Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia]

      author of the first Hebrew novel, Ahavat Ziyyon (1853; Annou: Prince and Peasant), an idyllic historical romance set in the days of the prophet Isaiah. Couched in florid biblical language, it artfully depicts pastoral life in ancient Israel; the book attained immediate popularity and was later translated into several languages.

      A teacher of religion and German, Mapu was an influential advocate of the Haskalah, or Enlightenment, movement. Influenced stylistically by Victor Hugo and Eugène Sue, Mapu's novels romanticized a sovereign Israel and indirectly paved the way for the revival of Jewish nationalism and the Zionist movement. Other novels include ʿAyiṭ tzavuaʿ (1858–69; “The Hypocrite”), an attack on social and religious injustice in the ghetto; Ashmat Shomron (1865; “Guilt of Samaria”), a biblical epic about the hostility between Jerusalem and Samaria in the time of King Ahaz; and oze ḥezyonot, (1869; “The Visionary”), an exposé of Ḥasidism, which was confiscated by religious authorities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MAPU, ABRAHAM — (1808–1867), creator of the modern Hebrew novel. One of the principal exponents of the Haskalah movement in Eastern Europe, he is best known for his first and most successful novel Ahavat Ẓiyyon ( The Love of Zion, Vilna, 1853), which represents… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mapu, Abraham — (1808 67)    Lithuanian Hebrew novelist. He worked as a children s tutor and lived in various towns, including Slobodka, Georgenberg, Kovno, Rossyieny and Vilna. His Ahavat Tziyyon is a historical romance set in the period of Hezekiah. In Alyit… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abraham Mapu — (* 10. Januar 1808 in Slobodka, einem Vorort von Kaunas; † 9. Oktober 1867 in Königsberg) war ein hebräischer Schriftsteller. Er ist der Schöpfer des modernen hebräischen Romans …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mapu — may refer to: The Popular Unitary Action Movement or MAPU (Spanish: Movimiento de Acción Popular Unitario), a small leftist political party in Chile The Horse stance, a martial arts position, is known as Mapu in the Chinese language Mapu a Vaea… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Mapu — (1808, Slobodka, Kaunas – 1867, Königsberg, Prussia) was a Lithuanian born Hebrew novelist of the Haskalah ( enlightenment ) movement. His novels later served as a basis for the Zionist movement.As a child, Mapu studied in a cheder where his… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Mapu — (1808, Slobodka, Kaunas – 1867, Königsberg, Prussia) fue un novelista hebreo nacido en Lituania. Por muchos años, fue un empobrecido e itinerante profesor. Mapu ganó seguridad financiera cuando fue contratado como maestro en una escuela de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mapu — steht für: Abraham Mapu (1808–1867), hebräische Schriftsteller Mapu (Yunxiao), Gemeinde Mapu (马铺乡) des Kreises Yunxiao der Stadt Zhangzhou in der chinesischen Provinz Fujian Die Abkürzung MAPU steht für: Movimiento de Acción Popular Unitaria,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mapu — Mạpu,   Abraham, hebräischer Dichter, * bei Kaunas 30. 12. 1808, ✝ Königsberg (heute Kaliningrad) 10. 10. 1867; schrieb als Erster Romane in hebräischer Sprache, machte das zeitgenössische Leben zum Gegenstand seiner Dichtung und schilderte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abraham Mapu — Avraham Mapou Avraham Mapou (1808 1867) est un écrivain et pédagogue juif lituanien, un des créateurs du roman hébraïque moderne. Il s intéressa à la Kabbale et au mysticisme dans sa jeunesse. À 45 ans, il publia son premier et plus célèbre roman …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Mapu — (1808 1867) Lithuanian author who wrote in Hebrew …   English contemporary dictionary

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