Manus Island

also called  Great Admiralty Island  
 largest of the Admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It lies about 200 miles (320 km) north of the island of New Guinea. The volcanic island has an area of 633 square miles (1,639 square km) and is an extension of the Bismarck Archipelago. From a coast that alternates between steep slopes and bays that are fringed with mangrove swamp, it rises to a ridged and hilly interior reaching 2,356 feet (718 metres) at Mount Dremsel. Heavily forested and well watered, Manus is drained by numerous short, swift streams, whose valleys provide the only lowlands besides a narrow, densely populated east-coast plain. Lorengau is the principal settlement.

      Manus, perhaps visited by the Spanish explorer Álvaro Saavedra in 1528, was sighted by the Dutch navigator Willem Schouten (Schouten, Willem) in 1616. Navigational studies of the island were not made until 1875. The Germans established a post in 1912 at Lorengau, which came under Australian administration in 1914. Manus was the site of a large World War II U.S. naval base built in 1944 on the northeast coast at Seeadler Harbour.

      Copra, cocoa, coffee, and other products are now exported from Seeadler Harbour. The island is served by regular domestic air service. Tourist activities include scuba diving, snorkeling, and attending traditional dance performances; there are also World War II relics on the island as well as shipwrecks in the surrounding waters.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Manus — /mah noohs/, n., pl. Manus. a member of a people living on the island of Manus, in the Admiralty Islands. * * * ▪ Roman law       in Roman law, autocratic power of the husband over the wife, corresponding to patria potestas of the father over his …   Universalium

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