Mannes, Marya

▪ American author and critic
in full  Maria von Heimburg Mannes 
born Nov. 14, 1904, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died Sept. 13, 1990, San Francisco, Calif.

      American writer and critic, known for her caustic but insightful observations of American life.

      Mannes was the daughter of Clara Damrosch Mannes and David Mannes, both distinguished musicians. She was educated privately and benefited from the cultural atmosphere of her home and from European travel. During the 1920s and early '30s she contributed a number of stories and reviews to Theatre Arts, Creative Art, International Studio, and Harper's magazines and wrote a play, Café, that was produced, albeit unsuccessfully, on Broadway.

      From 1926 to 1930 she was married to theatrical designer Jo Mielziner. She worked as a feature editor for Vogue magazine from 1933 to 1936, and for some time thereafter she lived in Florence with her second husband, Richard Blow, an artist. During World War II, Mannes was involved in government work, first for the Office of War Information and later as an analyst for the Office of Strategic Services.

      After the war she resumed writing for magazines, notably The New Yorker (New Yorker, The), and was a feature editor for Glamour (1946–47). Her first novel, Message from a Stranger, was published in 1948. In 1952 she joined the staff of Reporter magazine, to which she contributed essays, reviews, opinions, and verse until 1963. A collection of essays criticizing and satirizing American mores, foibles, and preoccupations appeared in 1958 as More in Anger, a book that occasioned widespread comment. Subverse (1959) is a collection of her satiric poems, many reprinted from Reporter.

      In 1961 Mannes published The New York I Know, and in 1964 But Will It Sell appeared. From 1965 to 1967 she wrote a monthly column and in 1968 movie reviews for McCall's. She also contributed a monthly column to The New York Times (New York Times, The) (1967) and was a regular commentator on a New York public television station (1967–68). Her later books include They (1968); Out of My Time (1971), an autobiography; Uncoupling (1972; written with Norman Sheresky), an account of her three divorces; and Last Rites (1974), a plea for laws supporting euthanasia. Mannes was accounted one of the most perceptive observers of, and acerbic commentators on, the American way of life.

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Universalium. 2010.

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