Maniu, Iuliu

▪ prime minister of Romania
born Jan. 8, 1873, Şimleu Silvaniei, Transylvania, Hung. [now in Romania]
died June 1953, Sighet, Rom.

      statesman who served as prime minister of Romania (1928–30, 1930, 1932–33) and as head of the National Peasant Party. Maniu was one of the most important Romanian political leaders of the period.

      Maniu, a native of Transylvania, was elected in 1906 to the Hungarian Parliament, where he joined a small band of Romanian deputies urging equal rights for their minority. During World War I he served in the Austro-Hungarian army, but in the autumn of 1918 he led the movement to separate Transylvania from Hungary and make it a part of Greater Romania. In December 1918 he was elected president of the Transylvanian directing council (Consiliul Dirigent), which proclaimed union with Romania, a fait accompli later recognized by the Treaty of Trianon (June 1920).

      From 1926 he headed the National Peasant Party, created in that year by the fusion of his Transylvanian National Party with the Peasant Party of Ion Mihalache. Between November 1928 and October 1930 he served as prime minister of a National Peasant administration, which failed to fulfill its mandate for political and social reconstruction, mainly because of financial setbacks caused by the Great Depression. Maniu resigned briefly in June 1930 to protest the return of King Carol II. He returned to his position a few days later but resigned the following October, still upset by the king's continuing liaison with Magda Lupescu. From October 1932 to January 1933 he headed a second government and in 1937 formed an electoral alliance with the fascist Iron Guard in order to wrest political control from the king. During World War II he initially supported Romania's war effort against Russia. After the Romanian army recovered Bessarabia and Bukovina, he became one of the principal resistance leaders and organizers of the coup of August 1944, which brought Romania into the war against Germany. He was the leader of the democratic opposition to a communist takeover, but after the installation of a communist regime (1945), his position became increasingly precarious. He was imprisoned for espionage and treason after a show trial in November 1947 and died in prison in 1953.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iuliu Maniu — Primer ministro de Rumanía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maniu — Iuliu Maniu Iuliu Maniu (* 8. Januar 1873 in Bădăcin; † 5. Februar 1951 in Sighet, Rumänien) war ein bedeutender rumänischer Politiker. Maniu wurde in Siebenbürgen, damals noch Teil von Österreich Ungarn, als Angehöriger der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iuliu Maniu — (* 8. Januar 1873 in Bădăcin; † 5. Februar 1953 in Sighetu Marmației) war ein rumänischer Politiker. Maniu wurde in Siebenbürgen, damals noch Teil von Österreic …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MANIU (I.) — MANIU IULIU (1873 1953) Homme d’État roumain. Né en Transylvanie, catholique, Maniu fait ses études de droit à Cluj, à Budapest et à Vienne; élu député en 1906, il siège au Parlement de Budapest jusqu’en 1910. Lors de l’effondrement de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Iuliu Maniu — portrait et signature Iuliu Maniu (né à Bădăcin, près de Șimleu Silvaniei, le 8 janvier 1873, mort à Sighet le 5 février 1953) était un homme politique roumain, député au parlement de Budapest (en tant que député de Transylvanie, alors partie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iuliu Maniu — Infobox Prime Minister | name =Iuliu Maniu nationality = small caption = order =Prime Minister of Romania term start =November 10, 1928 ndash; June 7, 1930 June 13, 1930 ndash; October 10, 1930 October 20, 1932 term end =January 14, 1933… …   Wikipedia

  • Iuliu Maniu Street, Cluj-Napoca — The Iuliu Maniu Street in Cluj Napoca, named after the Romanian politician Iuliu Maniu, is a central street in the Romanian city of Cluj Napoca, connecting the Avram Iancu and Unirii squares. It is parallel to the Eroilor and 21 Decembrie 1989… …   Wikipedia

  • Maniu — Manịu,   Iuliu, rumänischer Politiker, * Şimleul Silvaniei 8. 1. 1873, ✝ (in Haft) Sighet (Kreis Maramureş) 5. 2. 1953. Seit 1896 im Präsidium der Rumänischen Nationalpartei in Ungarn, 1906 10 Abgeordneter im ungarischen Reichsrat, konnte Maniu… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ioan Maniu — was a Transylvanian Romanian writer, politician and journalist. He was the father of Iuliu Maniu. References* Maniu, Ioan. Corespondenţa lui Ioan Maniu cu Simion Bărnuţiu: 1851 1864, Blaj: Tipografia Seminarului teologic Greco Catolic, 1929 …   Wikipedia

  • Romania — /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Cap.: Bucharest. Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.