Malevich, Kazimir

▪ Russian painter
born , Feb 23 [Feb. 11, old style], 1878, near Kiev
died May 15, 1935, Leningrad

      Russian painter, who was the founder of the Suprematist school of abstract painting.

      Malevich was trained at the Kiev School of Art and the Moscow Academy of Fine Arts. In his early work he followed Impressionism as well as Fauvism, and, after a trip to Paris in 1912, he was influenced by Picasso and Cubism. As a member of the Jack of Diamonds (q.v.) group, he led the Russian Cubist movement.

      In 1913 Malevich created abstract geometrical patterns in a manner he called Suprematism (q.v.). From 1919 to 1921 he taught painting in Moscow and Leningrad, where he lived the rest of his life. On a 1926 visit to the Bauhaus in Weimar he met Wassily Kandinsky and published a book on his theory under the title Die gegenstandslose Welt (“The Nonobjective World”). Later, when Soviet politicians decided against modern art, Malevich and his art were doomed. He died in poverty and oblivion.

      Malevich was the first to exhibit paintings composed of abstract geometrical elements. He constantly strove to produce pure, cerebral compositions, repudiating all sensuality and representation in art. His well-known “White on White” (1918; Museum of Modern Art, New York City) carries his Suprematist theories to their logical conclusion.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malevich, Kazimir (Severinovich) — born , Feb. 23, 1878, near Kiev, Russia died May 15, 1935, Leningrad Russian painter and designer. He discovered Cubism on a trip to Paris in 1912 and returned to lead the Russian Cubist movement. In 1915 he exhibited paintings more abstractly… …   Universalium

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  • Kazimir Malevich — noun Russian abstract painter (1878 1935) • Syn: ↑Malevich, ↑Kazimir Severinovich Malevich • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kazimir Severinovich Malevich — noun Russian abstract painter (1878 1935) • Syn: ↑Malevich, ↑Kazimir Malevich • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Malevich — noun Russian abstract painter (1878 1935) • Syn: ↑Kazimir Malevich, ↑Kazimir Severinovich Malevich • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Malevich — Selbstporträt, 1933, Staatliches Russisches Museum, St. Petersburg. Die Handhaltung soll an das Quadrat erinnern, das ebenfalls als Signatur (rechts unten) dient. Kasimir Sewerinowitsch Malewitsch (russisch Казимир Северинович Малевич, wiss.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kazimir Malevich — Kasimir Malevitch Kazimir Malevitch (autoportrait) Kazimir Severinovitch Malevitch (en russe : Казимир Северинович Малевич ; ISO 9 : Kazimir Severinovič Malevič 1878 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malevich — Kasimir Malevitch Kazimir Malevitch (autoportrait) Kazimir Severinovitch Malevitch (en russe : Казимир Северинович Малевич ; ISO 9 : Kazimir Severinovič Malevič 1878 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malevich — n. family name; Kazimir Malevich (1878 1935) Russian abstract painter …   English contemporary dictionary

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