also spelled  Mani,  

      peninsula of the southern Peloponnese (Pelopónnisos), in the nomós (department) of Laconia, Greece. The area has been set aside as a historical district by the government. The rugged, rather isolated peninsula, 28 miles (45 km) long, is an extension of the Taygetus (Taíyetos) range. It is the home of the Maniotes, an ancient people who are believed to be descended from Laconian refugees of the early Roman period. Formerly the area was known as Maina Polypyrgos (“Many-Towered Maina”), from the defensive structures built by its fierce inhabitants, who lived by raiding coastal shipping. Ruins in the district include the remains of the temple and sanctuary of Poseidon, situated at the tip of Cape Taínaron (Cape Matapan), as well as the Frankish castle (Grand Maigne), built in 1248–50 by William II de Villehardouin to pacify the region. In 1821 an uprising in the region helped trigger the War of Greek Independence. A paved road runs from Yíthion to Arcopolis and Diros, where two magnificent caves were opened to the public in 1963. However, the peninsula maintains its unspoiled medieval character with many 11th- and 12th-century Byzantine churches.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maina — ist der Name folgender geographischer Objekte: Rio Maina, ein Fluss in Santa Catarina (Brasilien) Maina (Insel), eine der Cookinseln Maina I und Maina II, zwei Dörfer und die zugehörigen Sucos in Osttimor Maina (Chakassien), einer Siedlung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maina — may refer to: Maina (Cook Islands), an island in the Aitutaki group of the Cook Islands Maina (name) Maina Indians the Mainan linguistic group, ranging along the north bank of the Marañón River in South America. Maina Kaderi, a Village… …   Wikipedia

  • maina — MAINÁ, mainez, vb. I. tranz. (mar.) A coborî o greutate cu ajutorul unei instalaţii de manevră de forţă. [pr.: ma i ] – Din tc. mayna. Trimis de claudia, 23.09.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  mainá vb., ind. prez. 1 …   Dicționar Român

  • maina- Ⅰ — *maina , *mainam germ., stark. Neutrum (a): nhd. Trug, Falschheit, Schade, Schaden, Unheil, Frevel, Verbrechen, Sünde; ne. deceit; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., as., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *maina (Adjektiv); Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Maina — Maina, der südliche Theil der Halbinsel Morea, zwischen dem Busen von Koron u. von Kolokythia gelegen, die Nomachien Messenien u. Lakonien (s. b.) umfassend; das Mainagebirg (Monte d M., sonst Taygetus, Pentedaktylon), ist sehr steil. fast nur… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Maina — (richtiger Mani), der südliche Teil der Halbinsel Morea, zwischen den Busen von Koroni und Marathonisi, wird größtenteils von der südlichen Fortsetzung des Pentedaktylongebirges (des alten Taygetos) bedeckt. Die 8–11 km breite, sehr gebirgige,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maina — Maina, griech. Landschaft, s. Mainotten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • màina — ž reg. tišina nad vodom; bonaca ✧ {{001f}}tal …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • maina — màina ž DEFINICIJA reg. tišina nad vodom; bonaca ETIMOLOGIJA tal. ammainare: spustiti …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • maina- Ⅱ — *maina , *mainaz, *mainja , *mainjaz germ., Adjektiv: nhd. falsch, schändlich, betrügerisch; ne. false; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., afries., mnl., mnd., ahd.; Vw.: s. * aiþa ; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • maina — var. mina2 …   Useful english dictionary

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