Macintosh, Charles

▪ Scottish chemist
born Dec. 29, 1766, Glasgow
died July 25, 1843, near Glasgow

      Scottish chemist, best known for his invention in 1823 of a method for making waterproof garments by using rubber dissolved in coal-tar naphtha for cementing two pieces of cloth together. The mackintosh garment was named for him.

      In 1823, while trying to find uses for the waste products of gasworks, Macintosh noted that coal-tar naphtha dissolved india rubber. He then took wool cloth, painted one side of it with the rubber preparation, and placed another thickness of wool cloth on top, thereby producing a waterproof fabric. Soon after he began the manufacture of coats and other garments. But problems developed. In the process of seaming a garment, tailors punctured the fabric, allowing rain to penetrate; the natural oil in woollen cloth caused the rubber cement to deteriorate; and, in the earlier years, the garments became stiff in winter and sticky in hot weather. The mackintosh, as it came to be known, was greatly improved when vulcanized rubber, which resisted temperature changes, became available in 1839.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Macintosh, Charles — SUBJECT AREA: Chemical technology, Textiles [br] b. 29 December 1766 Glasgow, Scotland d. 25 July 1843 Dunchattan, near Glasgow, Scotland [br] Scottish inventor of rubberized waterproof clothing. [br] As the son of the well known and inventive… …   Biographical history of technology

  • MacIntosh, Charles — (1766 1843)    Charles Macintosh was born in Glasgow, Scotland. His father had a successful dyeing business, which is where Macintosh first became interested in science. In 1797, he opened a chemical factory and invented a series of processes and …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Charles Macintosh — Charles Macintosh. Charles Macintosh (29 de diciembre de 1766–25 de julio de 1843) fue un químico escocés e inventor de la prenda de vestir resistente al agua (waterproof) (impermeable). El abrigo impermeable Mackintosh se nombró así en su honor …   Wikipedia Español

  • MacIntosh — Macintosh, Mackintosh, McIntosh, MacKintosh bezeichnet: Apple Macintosh, eine Computerbaureihe Mackintosh (Regenmantel), ein Regenmantel McIntosh (Apfel), eine Apfelsorte McIntosh Laboratory, ein Hi Fi Hersteller Rowntree Mackintosh, britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh — Charles Mackintosh redirects here. For the chemist and inventor, see Charles Macintosh. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Charles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868 – 10 December 1928) was a Scottish architect, designer, watercolourist and artist. He was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Macintosh — Charles Macintosh. Charles Macintosh (* 29. Dezember 1766 in Glasgow; † 25. Juli 1843 ) war ein schottischer Chemiker und der Erfinder des nach ihm benannten wasserdichten Regenmantels Mackintosh. Macintosh gelang in seiner chemischen Fabrik zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Macintosh — [Charles Macintosh] (1766–1823) a Scottish ↑inventor who developed a material made of rubber to keep out water. A ‘mackintosh’ or ‘mac’ is now a word for any coat made of a similar material for keeping off rain …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles Macintosh — For those of a similar name, see Charles Mackintosh (disambiguation). Charles Macintosh Charles Macintosh Born 29 December 1766 Glasgow Died 25 July 1843 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Macintosh — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mackintosh. Charles Macintosh. Charles Macintosh, né à Glasgow le 29 décembre 1766 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Macintosh (Begriffsklärung) — Macintosh, Mackintosh, McIntosh oder MacKintosh bezeichnet: Apple Macintosh, eine Computerbaureihe Mackintosh (Regenmantel), einen Regenmantel McIntosh (Apfel), eine Apfelsorte McIntosh Laboratory, einen Hi Fi Hersteller Rowntree Mackintosh,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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