town, seat of Lunenburg county, southeastern Nova Scotia, Canada, on Lunenburg Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, 57 mi (92 km) west-southwest of Halifax. The town site was once occupied by the Indian village of Malliggeak or Merliguesche (Milky Bay) and later by a French fishing community. In 1656 it was granted to Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, governor of Acadia, by Oliver Cromwell, the lord protector of England; but there was no permanent settlement until Hanoverians from Lüneburg, Ger., and Swiss immigrants arrived in the early 1750s. During the American Revolution, Lunenburg was sacked by an American fleet from Boston.

 Now an important fishing port, it was the home of the Bluenose, undefeated North Atlantic Fishing Fleet champion and winner of several international schooner races (1921–46); the Bluenose, which was lost on a reef off Haiti in 1946, is pictured on the obverse of the Canadian dime, and its trophies are displayed in the Lunenburg Fisheries Museum. Apart from fishing and fish processing, economic activities focus on shipbuilding (wooden trawlers, small boats, marine engines, sails) and market gardening. The Nova Scotia Fisheries Exhibition and Fishermen's Reunion is held at Lunenburg each September.

      Historic buildings include St. John's Anglican Church (1754) and Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church (1776), with a bell that was taken from Fort Louisburg on Cape Breton Island in 1758. Old town Lunenburg was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995. Inc. 1888. Pop. (2006) 2,317.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lunenburg — Lunenburg, MA U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 1695 Housing Units (2000): 644 Land area (2000): 3.821345 sq. miles (9.897238 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lunenburg, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 1695 Housing Units (2000): 644 Land area (2000): 3.821345 sq. miles (9.897238 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.821345 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lunenburg — Lunenburg, 1) Grafschaft in der Provinz Neu Schottland (Britisches Nordamerika); 13,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptort darin, an der Mahonbai, 1753 von deutschen Einwanderern gegründet, deren Nachkommen Sprache u. Sitte noch bewahrt haben; Seefischerei,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lünenburg — Lünenburg, Stadt in der kanad. Provinz Neuschottland, an der Mahonebai, 1753 von Deutschen gegründet, hat Fischerei, Seehandel und (1901) 2916 Einw. (darunter zahlreiche Deutsche) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lunenburg — Ciudad vieja de Lunenburg Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lunenburg — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Toponyme 1.1  Canada 1.1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lunenburg — 1 Original name in latin Lunenburg Name in other language Lunenberg, Lunenburg, Lunnenburg, lu nen bao, lunenburgi, lwnnbwrg, runenbagu, Луненберг, Луненбург State code CA Continent/City America/Halifax longitude 44.38345 latitude 64.31545… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Lunenburg — Sp Lùnenbergas Ap Lunenburg L JAV: apyg. ir jos c. (Virdžinija), mst. (Masačusetsas); Kanada (N. Škotija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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