Los Angeles Lakers

▪ American basketball team
 American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles. The Lakers are one of the most successful and popular professional franchises in all American sports. The franchise has won a combined 14 Basketball Association of America (BAA) and National Basketball Association (NBA) titles, second in league history only to their rival the Boston Celtics.

 The franchise that would become the Lakers was founded in 1946 as the Detroit Gems and played in the National Basketball League (NBL). The team moved to Minneapolis, Minn., in 1947, and its name was changed to the Lakers to reflect the Minnesota state nickname, “Land of 10,000 Lakes.” That same year the Lakers acquired George Mikan (Mikan, George), who became professional basketball's first dominant “big man” and the first in a series of great Laker centres. The Lakers joined the BAA—the official precursor of the NBA—for the 1948–49 season and won the final BAA championship. The NBA was formed in 1949, and Mikan and the Lakers won four of the first five league titles.

      Attendance at Lakers games fell after Mikan's retirement in 1956, and the team moved to Los Angeles before the 1960–61 season. The Lakers advanced to the NBA finals six times in the 1960s but lost to the Celtics in each appearance despite the presence of future Hall of Famers Elgin Baylor (Baylor, Elgin) and Jerry West. During the 1971–72 season, however, the Lakers—led by West, Gail Goodrich, and Wilt Chamberlain (Chamberlain, Wilt)—set NBA records for longest winning streak (33 games) and best regular season record (69–13; broken in 1996 by the Chicago Bulls) on their way to the NBA championship, the team's first title since relocating to Los Angeles.

      The Lakers entered the most dominant period in their franchise history when they selected Magic Johnson (Johnson, Magic) in the first overall pick of the 1979 NBA draft. Johnson teamed with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem) and (from 1982) James Worthy to take the Lakers to eight appearances in the NBA finals over the following decade, resulting in five NBA championships (1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, and 1988). This era became known as ‘‘Showtime, " not only for the flamboyant, often spectacular playing style orchestrated by Johnson and polished head coach Pat Riley but also for the courtside presence of Hollywood stars, most notably Jack Nicholson (Nicholson, Jack). Additionally, the renewed Lakers-Celtics rivalry—the two teams facing off for the NBA title in 1984, 1985, and 1987 and, more specifically, Johnson's battles with Boston's Larry Bird (Bird, Larry)—propelled the NBA to new levels of popularity in the 1980s.

 After Abdul-Jabbar's retirement in 1989 and Johnson's in 1991, the Lakers' fortunes took a turn for the worse. The team still regularly made the play-offs—the Lakers missed postseason play only five times in the team's first 60 seasons—but failed to advance to the NBA finals for the longest period of time in team history. That changed during the 1999–2000 season, however, when newly hired head coach Phil Jackson guided the Lakers, featuring Shaquille O'Neal (O'Neal, Shaquille) and Kobe Bryant (Bryant, Kobe), to the first of three consecutive titles. O'Neal was traded away in 2004, but a reconfigured Laker team advanced to the 2008 NBA finals, which they lost to Boston in six games.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

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