Lilienthal, David E.
▪ American businessmanin full David Eli Lilienthalborn July 8, 1899, Morton, Ill., U.S.died Jan. 15, 1981, New York, N.Y.American businessman and government official, who was codirector (1933) and first chairman (1941) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and first chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).After graduation from DePauw University (Greencastle, Ind.) and Harvard Law School (1923), Lilienthal practiced law, engaging especially in cases of labour and public utilities. His winning a telephone-rate case that resulted in a refund of $20,000,000 to Chicago subscribers brought him to the attention of the governor of Wisconsin, who made him a member of the Wisconsin Public Service Commission in 1931. In this capacity he reorganized the utilities statutes for that state in such a way that they became a model for six other states.Such accomplishments drew the attention of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and when the TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) flood-control project was approved by Congress, Roosevelt named Lilienthal one of the three codirectors of the TVA's power program in 1933. In 1941 Lilienthal was appointed chairman of the project.By becoming the first chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission in 1947, Lilienthal assumed power over the U.S. nuclear-development program, which had previously been supervised by the U.S. Army. As chairman, he was committed to improving and expanding nuclear-power plants, to building up a stockpile of atomic bombs, and to developing nuclear weapons.Lilienthal resigned from the AEC in 1950 and in 1953 became chairman and chief executive officer of Development and Research Corp., where he continued formulating a resource development program that included dams, irrigation, electric power, and flood control. His books included Big Business, a New Era (1953), Change, Hope and the Bomb (1963), and Atomic Energy, a New Start (1980).
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Lilienthal, David — (1899 1981) American lawyer and civil servant. Born in Morton, Illinois, he became a lawyer in 1923. Until 1931 he served as a utilities lawyer in Chicago. In 1931 he was appointed to the Wisconsin Public Service Commission; later he became… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
LILIENTHAL, DAVID ELI — (1899–1981), U.S. attorney, public official, and specialist in the development of natural resources. Lilienthal, who was born in Morton, Illinois, graduated from Harvard Law School in 1923 and was admitted to the Illinois bar that year. He… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Lilienthal, David Eli — (1899 1981) The son of Czech immigrants, David Lilienthal was born in Morton, Illinois. He attended DePauw University and Harvard Law School. After graduating in 1923, he practiced law in Chicago. His expertise in utility law led to his… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
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