Levy, David

▪ Israeli politician
born December 21, 1937, Rabat, Morocco

      Israeli politician, who was a leader of Israel's Sephardic (Sephardi) Jews and who held numerous government offices.

      After attending primary and secondary schools in Morocco, Levy emigrated to Israel with his family in 1957. When he was in his 20s, Levy decided that politics, particularly the Herut Party, was the means to attempt to improve the lot of Sephardic (Sephardi) Jews, a group long considered a disenfranchised underclass. His first important party job was chairman of the Herut faction of the Histadrut, Israel's influential labour organization. In 1969 Levy won a seat in Israel's legislature, the Knesset. Following the stunning upset by Menachem Begin (Begin, Menachem) and the Likud bloc (which included Herut) in the 1977 elections, Levy was named minister of immigrant absorption (1977–79) and later minister of construction and housing (1979–90) in the new cabinet. He quickly distinguished himself by becoming a spokesman for the underclass, and he proved to be a savvy politician who could protect his own interests. He was blamed, however, for ruining Israel's unblemished record of support for separate worship in Jerusalem's Old City after it was learned that he secretly had financed a new Jewish settlement in the Christian quarter.

      By the time Begin won reelection in 1981, Levy had established himself as an important Likud asset, and he was named deputy prime minister (1981–84). When Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, he cautioned moderation and was the only cabinet member to warn Defense Minister Ariel Sharon (Sharon, Ariel) against allowing Israel's Lebanese Phalangist allies access to the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps, where hundreds were massacred. After Begin resigned in 1983, Levy held on to his cabinet post in Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir (Shamir, Yitzḥak)'s national-unity government. In 1995 Levy founded the Gesher (“Bridge”) party, with a secular Sephardic base, and in 1999 he was named minister of foreign affairs and deputy prime minister in Benjamin Netanyahu (Netanyahu, Benjamin)'s cabinet. He resigned both posts the following year over differences with Netanyahu but in 2002 served briefly as minister without portfolio in the government of Prime Minister Sharon.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEVY, DAVID — (1937– ), Israeli politician, member of the Knesset from the Seventh Knesset. Levy was born in Rabat, Morocco, receiving a traditional Jewish upbringing, studying at the Alliance school in Rabat. He immigrated to Israel in 1957 with his family,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levy, David H. — ▪ amateur astronomer born May 22, 1948, Montreal, Que., Can.       amateur astronomer who discovered along with Carolyn Shoemaker (Shoemaker, Carolyn) and Eugene Shoemaker (Shoemaker, Gene) the fragmented comet Shoemaker Levy 9 (Shoemaker Levy 9 …   Universalium

  • Levy, David — (1937 )    Born in Rabat, Morocco, he has lived in the development town of Beit She an since immigrating (see ALIYA) to Israel in 1957. A former construction worker, he began his political career in the Histadrut and served as chairman of its… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Shoemaker, Carolyn and Eugene, and Levy, David — ▪ 1995        For six days between July 16 and 22, 1994, Carolyn Shoemaker, her husband Eugene, and fellow comet hunter David Levy peered anxiously through telescopes to watch the estimated 21 major fragments of the comet they had jointly… …   Universalium

  • Yulee (Levy), David — (1810 66)    American politician. Born in St Thomas, he was the son of Moses Elias Levy. He was a lawyer in Florida and was elected to the US Senate for the state of Florida. During the Civil War, he was a member of the Confederate Congress …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Yulee (Levy), David — (1810–66)    Florida leader. David Yulee, a prominent lawyer and politician in Florida, was elected to the US Senate when that state was admitted to the Union in 1845. He served until 1851 and was re elected for another term, 1855–61. He was the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • David Levy (chess player) — David Levy at Pamplona 2009 (WCCC CO ACGC) David Neil Laurence Levy (born 14 March 1945, in London), is a Scottish International Master of chess, a businessman noted for his involvement with computer chess and artificial intelligence, and the… …   Wikipedia

  • David Levy (Israeli politician) — David Levy Date of birth 21 December 1937 (1937 12 21) (age 73) Place of birth …   Wikipedia

  • Levý — Levy, Levý oder Lévy ist der Familienname folgender Personen: A Alan Levy (1932–2004), amerikanischer Journalist Albert Levy (1862–1922), Vorsitzender der Centrale für private Fürsorge, Sozialarbeiter Alexandre Levy (1864–1892), brasilianischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Levy (psychologist) — David Levy Born 1954 Occupation Psychologist Known for Psychology David Anthony Levy (born 1954) is an American psychologist …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.