Levi-Civita, Tullio

▪ Italian mathematician
born March 29, 1873, Padua, Italy
died December 29, 1941, Rome

      Italian mathematician known for his work in differential calculus and relativity theory (relativity). At the University of Padua (1891–95), he studied under Gregorio Ricci Curbastro (Ricci-Curbastro, Gregorio), with whom he later collaborated in founding the absolute differential calculus (now known as tensor analysis). Levi-Civita became an instructor there in 1898 and a professor of rational mechanics in 1902. He taught at the University of Rome from 1918 until 1938, when he was removed because of his Jewish origins.

      With Ricci, Levi-Civita wrote the pioneering work on the calculus of tensors, Méthodes de calcul differéntiel absolu et leurs applications (1900; “Methods of the Absolute Differential Calculus and Their Applications”). In 1917, inspired by Albert Einstein (Einstein, Albert)'s general theory of relativity, Levi-Civita made his most important contribution to this branch of mathematics, the introduction of the concept of parallel displacement in general curved spaces. This concept immediately found many applications and in relativity is the basis of the unified representation of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. In pure mathematics as well, his concept was instrumental in the development of modern differential geometry.

      Levi-Civita concerned himself also with hydrodynamics and engineering. He made great advances in the study of collisions in the three-body problem, which involves the motion of three bodies as they revolve around each other. His Questioni di meccanica classica e relativistica (1924; “Questions of Classical and Relativistic Mechanics”) and Lezioni di calcolo differenziale assoluto (1925; The Absolute Differential Calculus) became standard works, and his Lezioni di meccanica razionale, 3 vol. (1923–27; “Lessons in Rational Mechanics”), is a classic. His collected works, Opere matematiche: memorie e note, were published in 1954 in four volumes.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEVI-CIVITA, TULLIO — (1873–1942), Italian mathematician. Levi Civita, who was born in Padua, was appointed to the chair of mechanics at the university there at the age of 25. In 1918 he left Padua to become professor of mechanics at the University of Rome. He opposed …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levi-Civita, Tullio — (1873 1941)    Italian mathema tician and mathematical physicist. Born in Padua, he studied at the University of Padua where he later became a professor. Later he became professor of mathematics at the University of Rome …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Tullio levi-civita — (29 mars 1873 à Padoue, Italie 29 décembre 1941 à Rome) est un mathématicien italien. Il est connu principalement pour son travail sur le calcul tensoriel et ses applications en théorie de la relativité. Il fut l assistant de Gregorio Ricci… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Levi-Civita — Tullio Levi Civita (* 29. März 1873 in Padua; † 29. Dezember 1941 in Rom) war ein italienischer Mathematiker. Er war Schüler von Gregorio Ricci Curbastro und wurde 1898 Professor für Mechanik in Padua. 1918 ging er dann nach Rom. 1938 wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tullio Levi-Civita — Nacimiento 29 de Marzo, 1873 Padua Fallecimiento 29 de Diciembre, 1941 Roma Nacionalidad Italiano Campo matemáticas …   Wikipedia Español

  • LEVI-CIVITA (T.) — LEVI CIVITA TULLIO (1873 1941) Mathématicien italien dont les travaux portent sur la géométrie différentielle, la mécanique, l’hydrodynamique et la physique mathématique. Né à Padoue, il fit ses études à l’université de cette ville, où il devint… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Levi-Civita-Tensor — Das Levi Civita Symbol , auch Permutationssymbol, (ein wenig nachlässig) total antisymmetrischer Tensor oder Epsilon Tensor genannt, ist ein Symbol, das in der Physik bei der Vektor und Tensorrechnung nützlich ist. Das Symbol bezeichnet die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Levi-Cività-Symbol — Das Levi Civita Symbol , auch Permutationssymbol, (ein wenig nachlässig) total antisymmetrischer Tensor oder Epsilon Tensor genannt, ist ein Symbol, das in der Physik bei der Vektor und Tensorrechnung nützlich ist. Das Symbol bezeichnet die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tullio Levi-Civita — Naissance 29 mars 1873 Padoue ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tullio Levi-Civita — (* 29. März 1873 in Padua; † 29. Dezember 1941 in Rom) war ein italienischer Mathematiker. Levi Civita 1930 Er war Schüler von Gregorio Ricci Curbastro und wurde 1898 Professor für Mechanik in Padua. 1918 ging er dann nach Rom. 1938 wurde er vom… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.