leucitite

rock
      extrusive igneous rock, coloured ash gray to nearly black, that contains leucite and augite as large, single crystals (phenocrysts) in a fine-grained matrix (groundmass) of leucite, augite, sanidine, apatite, titanite, magnetite, and melilite; in this regard it is similar to nephelinite (q.v.), which contains nepheline in place of leucite.

      Leucitites are rare rocks and are known mostly from Tertiary or Recent strata; hence, they are generally younger than 66,400,000 years. Perhaps the best known occurrence is near Rome, where leucite lavas are thinly spread from Mt. Vesuvius, 200 kilometres (125 miles) south of the city, to Lago (lake) di Bolsena, 80 kilometres (50 miles) north. Other occurrences include the Mufumbiro region, Uganda; the West Kimberley region, Australia; and the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, U.S.

      Like the nephelinites, leucite-rich basalts are divided according to their mineralogical composition: leucitite contains no olivine or plagioclase; leucite-basalt contains olivine but no plagioclase; leucite-tephrite contains plagioclase but no olivine; and leucite-basanite contains both plagioclase and olivine. In all other respects these rocks are similar. With an increase in the nepheline content, leucite-rich basalts pass over into the nepheline-rich varieties, as at Hamberg, near Bühne, Ger.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • leucitite — leu·ci·tite …   English syllables

  • leucitite — lüsəˌtīt noun ( s) Etymology: obsolete German leucitit (now leuzitit), from obsolete German leucit leucite (now leuzit) + German it ite : a basaltic rock chiefly composed of leucite with augite, some magnetite, and no feldspar …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leucite — is a rock forming mineral composed of potassium and aluminium tectosilicate K [AlSi2O6] . Crystals have the form of cubic icositetrahedra but, as first observed by Sir David Brewster in 1821, they are not optically isotropic, and are therefore… …   Wikipedia

  • Ultrapotassic igneous rocks — are a class of rare, volumetrically minor generally ultramafic or mafic silica depleted igneous rocks. Ultrapotassic rocks are defined by molar K2O/Na2O >3 in much of the scientific literature. In other papers written as recently as 2005, they… …   Wikipedia

  • Roche effusive — Roche volcanique Les roches volcaniques sont des roches magmatiques, résultant du refroidissement rapide d une lave, magma arrivé à la surface, d où leurs autres noms de roches extrusives ou roches effusives. Sommaire 1 Classification 1.1 Autres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roche volcanique — Les roches volcaniques sont des roches magmatiques, résultant du refroidissement rapide d une lave, magma arrivé à la surface, d où leurs autres noms de roches extrusives ou roches effusives. Sommaire 1 Classification 1.1 Autres types …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roche éruptive — Roche volcanique Les roches volcaniques sont des roches magmatiques, résultant du refroidissement rapide d une lave, magma arrivé à la surface, d où leurs autres noms de roches extrusives ou roches effusives. Sommaire 1 Classification 1.1 Autres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Basalte — Basalte, vulkanische Gesteine der Tertiär , Diluvial und Alluvialperiode, im wesentlichen aus einem Feldspat oder feldspatähnlichen Mineral (Leucit oder Nephelin), Augit und Magneteisen (oder Titaneisen) bestehend und vielfach Olivin führend.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gesteine — (Felsarten, Gebirgsarten; hierzu Tafel »Gesteine« [Dünnschliffe] und Textblatt: »Übersicht der natürlichen Gesteinsgruppen«), Mineral und Stoffaggregate, die in gesetzmäßiger Anordnung die geologischen Raumkörper, Gänge, Stöcke, Lager, Schichten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eruptivgesteine — Eruptivgesteine, auch Massengesteine, werden in feurigflüssigem Zustand (als Magma) aus dem Innern der Erde in offene Hohlräume hineingepreßt oder haben die Erdoberfläche erreicht und sich als Lavaströme ergossen. Für die Entstehung der… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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