Leighton, Robert

▪ Scottish minister
born 1611, England, probably in London
died June 25, 1684, London

      Scottish Presbyterian minister and devotional writer who accepted two Anglican bishoprics in Scotland in an attempt to reconcile proponents of the presbyterian form of church government with their episcopal opponents.

      The son of Alexander Leighton, a Presbyterian who had been persecuted by the Anglican bishop William Laud, Leighton was attracted to the piety and antipapal attitudes of the Jansenist movement during the several years he spent in France after his education at Edinburgh. He was also influenced by the devotional work Imitatio Christi, often attributed to Thomas à Kempis.

      On his return to Scotland in 1641, Leighton was ordained a Presbyterian minister and installed at Newbattle, Midlothian. Two years later he signed the Solemn League and Covenant of 1643, a concord between the Scots and the English Parliament that was used by Scottish Presbyterians to swear mutual loyalty when their system of church government and worship came under attack. In 1653 Leighton was appointed principal of the University of Edinburgh and professor of divinity.

      In 1661, a year after Charles II was restored to the British throne and episcopacy once more was established in Scotland, Leighton was consecrated as Anglican bishop of Dunblane. He accepted the bishopric because he believed its traditional functions could be modified. His hopes proved futile, however, under the unconciliatory attitude adopted by Charles and the government. He had persisted in trying to persuade the Presbyterian clergy to come to an “accommodation” with the Anglicans but finally gave up his struggle for a comprehensive church in Scotland, comparing it to one in which he seemed to be “fighting against God.” When he failed to induce Charles's government to cease persecution of the Covenanters, he went to London in 1665 to resign his bishopric. Charles persuaded him to continue, but four years later he was back in London on behalf of the Covenanters. With reluctance he accepted the bishopric of Glasgow in 1670, where he renewed his unsuccessful efforts at conciliation. He resigned in 1674 to spend his last decade in retirement. Among his works are Sermons (1692) and Rules and Instructions for a Holy Life (1708).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leighton, Robert — (1822 1869)    Scottish poet, born in Dundee and educated at the academy, he started working for his brother William, a Dundee ship owner, in 1837. In 1842 43 he sailed the world in one of his brother s ships, then worked for the London and North …   British and Irish poets

  • Leighton, Robert — (1611 1684)    Divine, was the s. of Alexander L., physician, and writer on theology, who, on account of his anti prelatic books, was put in the pillory, fined, and had his nose slit and his ears cut off. Robert was ed. at Edin., after which he… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • LEIGHTON, ROBERT —    a Scottish theologian, the son of a Puritan clergyman in London, who wrote a book against prelacy, and suffered cruelly at the hands of Laud in consequence; studied at Edinburgh; entered the Church, and became Presbyterian minister at… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Leighton — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernie Leighton (1921–1994), US amerikanischer Jazzpianist Edmund Blair Leighton (1853–1922), britischer Maler Elaine Leighton (* 1926), US amerikanische Jazz Schlagzeugerin Frederic Leighton (1830–1896),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert B. Leighton — (* 10. September 1919 in Detroit; † 9. März 1997 in Pasadena) war ein US amerikanischer Experimentalphysiker und Astronom. Leighton wuchs bei seiner geschiedenen Mutter in Los Angeles auf und begann zunächst am Los Angeles City College ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Leighton — ist der Name folgender Personen: Robert Leighton (Bischof) (1611–1684), schottischer Prälat, Erzbischof von Glasgow Robert Leighton (Schriftsteller) (1859–1934), britischer Schriftsteller Robert Leighton (Cutter), US amerikanischer Filmcutter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Leighton — may refer to:*Robert Leighton (prelate) (1611 1684), Scottish preacher, bishop, academic *Robert B. Leighton (physicist) (1919 1997), American academic *Robert Leighton (broadcaster) ( 2008), English broadcaster …   Wikipedia

  • Leighton — may refer to: Places In Australia: *Leighton, Western Australia, a beachside locality in Western AustraliaIn the United Kingdom: *Leighton, Cambridgeshire *Leighton, Cheshire *Leighton, North Yorkshire *Leighton Reservoir, a small reservoir near… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert B. Leighton (physicist) — Robert B. Leighton (September 10, 1919 ndash;March 9, 1997) was an American physicist who spent his professional career at the California Institute of Technology. His bachelor s, master s and Ph.D. degrees were all from Caltech; he joined the… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Leighton — est un monteur britannique. Il a beaucoup collaboré avec Rob Reiner. Filmographie 1980 : La Maison du cauchemar 1981 : Kill and Kill Again 1983 : Onde de choc 1985 : Garçon choc pour nana chic 1986 : Stand by Me… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.