Leguía y Salcedo, Augusto Bernardino

▪ president of Peru
born February 19, 1863, Lambayeque, Peru
died February 7, 1932, Lima
 businessman and politician who, during the first of his two terms as president of Peru (1908–12; 1919–30), settled the country's age-old boundary disputes with Bolivia and Brazil.

      Leguía was a member of one of the more distinguished families of the Peruvian oligarchy. Before entering politics, he acquired a great deal of experience in business, founding his own insurance company in 1896 and serving on the board of a large British sugar company during the 1890s.

      He served Peru as minister of finance and premier from 1903 to 1908. After his election as president in 1908, Leguía encouraged economic development by introducing fiscal and administrative reforms, and he improved the health-care system by founding hospitals and building drainage systems in the cities. After complicated negotiations he also resolved the controversies with Bolivia and Brazil over disputed territories. For the most part he remained the tool of the Peruvian oligarchy during this term. He spent the interval between his two presidential terms in London.

      When in 1919 Leguía was recalled to the presidency, elements of the oligarchy revolted, but his followers staged a coup d'état on July 4, 1919, to install him in office. As a result, during his second term Leguía broke with the old oligarchy that had dominated Peruvian politics for the previous two decades, and he forced many prominent politicians into exile. Although he presided over the creation of a new constitution, he disregarded constitutional norms and ruled as a dictator. In 1930 Leguía was removed from office by a coup.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leguía y Salcedo, Augusto Bernardino — ► (1863 1932) Político y financiero peruano. Fue presidente electo de la República en 1908 12 y dictador en 1919 30 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leguía y Salcedo — Leguía y Salcedo, Augusto Bernardino …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Augusto Bernardino Leguia — Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo (* 19. Februar 1863 in Lambayeque, Peru; † 7. Februar 1932 in Lima) war ein peruanischer Politiker, der zweimal das Präsidentenamt innehatte, von 1908 bis 1912 und von 1919 bis 1930 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Augusto B. Leguia y Salcedo — Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo (* 19. Februar 1863 in Lambayeque, Peru; † 7. Februar 1932 in Lima) war ein peruanischer Politiker, der zweimal das Präsidentenamt innehatte, von 1908 bis 1912 und von 1919 bis 1930 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo — Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo (* 19. Februar 1863 in Lambayeque, Peru; † 7. Februar 1932 in Lima) war ein peruanischer Politiker, der zweimal das Präsidentenamt innehatte, von 1908 bis 1912 und von 1919 bis 1930 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leguía y Salcedo — biographical name Augusto Bernardino 1863 1932 Peruvian banker; president of Peru (1908 12; 1919 30) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Augusto B. Leguia — Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo (* 19. Februar 1863 in Lambayeque, Peru; † 7. Februar 1932 in Lima) war ein peruanischer Politiker, der zweimal das Präsidentenamt innehatte, von 1908 bis 1912 und von 1919 bis 1930 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Augusto Leguía — Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo Augusto Bernardino Leguia y Salcedo (Lambayeque, 19 février 1863 – Lima, 6 février 1932) était un homme politique péruvien. Il occupa la présidence de la république de 1908 à 1912 puis de 1919 à 1930. Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Augusto Leguía — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Augusto Leguía Archivo:Presidente Constitucional 4 de julio de 1919 – 12 de octub …   Wikipedia Español

  • Augusto B. Leguía — Infobox Officeholder name = Augusto B. Leguía |225px order = 32nd President of Peru order2 = 35th President of Peru term start = September 24 1908 term end = September 24 1912 term start2 = July 4 1919 term end2 = August 25 1930 predecessor =… …   Wikipedia

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