Lebon, Philippe

▪ French scientist
born May 29, 1767, Brachay, France
died Dec. 2, 1804, Paris

      French engineer and chemist, inventor of illuminating gas.

      While employed as an engineer at Angoulême, Lebon was called to be professor of mechanics at the School of Bridges and Highways in Paris. In 1797 he began work that led to his invention of gas lighting and heating. His “thermolampe,” which he patented and exhibited in 1799, burned gas distilled from wood. Invited to aid in preparations for the coronation of Napoleon I in 1804, he was murdered by prowlers on the day of the ceremony, according to the most common account of his mysterious death.

      Lebon is also credited with having planned a gas motor that was provided with an electric fuel pump and spark ignition. He may also have been the first to suggest (1801) the value of compression of the charge in an internal-combustion engine.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lebon, Philippe — SUBJECT AREA: Public utilities [br] b. 29 May 1767 Bruchey, near Joinville, France d. 2 December 1804 Paris, France [br] French pioneer of gas lighting. [br] Lebon was the son of a court official under Louis XV. He entered the Ecole des Ponts et… …   Biographical history of technology

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