Laye, Camara

▪ Guinean author
born Jan. 1, 1928, Kouroussa, French Guinea [now in Guinea]
died Feb. 4, 1980, Senegal

      one of the first African writers from south of the Sahara to achieve an international reputation.

      Laye grew up in the ancient city of Kouroussa, where he attended local Qurʾānic and government schools before leaving for Conakry to study at the Poiret School, a technical college. Scholarship aid then enabled him to pursue an engineering course at Argenteuil, Fr.

      His autobiographical novel L'Enfant noir (1953; The Dark Child) recreates nostalgically his childhood days in Guinea in a flowing, poetic prose. The life he depicts in a traditional African town is an idyllic one in which human values are paramount and the inevitable alienation from the land that accompanies Western technology has not yet taken its toll.

      Upon his return to Guinea in 1956, he worked as an engineer for two years and then as director of a research centre for the Ministry of Information. During the next 10 years he wrote numerous short stories for such periodicals as Black Orpheus and Présence Africaine.

      In 1954, Le Regard du roi (The Radiance of the King), the novel considered by some critics to be Laye's best work, appeared. It describes a white man's journey through the jungle in quest of an audience with an African king, and interpretations of its meaning vary from the human search for God to a journey into the unconscious, or a seeking after identity. Its nightmarish intensity is reminiscent of the works of Franz Kafka and of Amos Tutuola, the Nigerian writer.

      The sequel to L'Enfant noir, entitled Dramouss (1966; A Dream of Africa), is less nostalgic than its predecessor and much more heavily weighted with social commentary, because the chief character, returning to his native land after six years in Paris, finds that political violence has replaced the values and way of life he had so longed for when abroad.

      From 1964 Laye lived in exile in Senegal and worked as a research fellow in Islāmic studies at the University of Dakar.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laye Camara — (* 1. Januar 1928 in Kouroussa; † 4. Februar 1980 in Dakar) war ein guineischer Schriftsteller der Négritude. Camara war sein Familienname, Laye sein Vorname. In englisch sprachigen Werken und Biographien wird oft die umgekehrte Reihenfolge… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camara Laye — (* 1. Januar 1928 in Kouroussa; † 4. Februar 1980 in Dakar) war ein guineischer Schriftsteller der Négritude. Camara war sein Familienname, Laye sein Vorname. In englisch sprachigen Werken und Biographien wird meist die umgekehrte Reihenfolge… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LAYE (C.) — LAYE CAMARA (1928 1980) S’il est un écrivain d’Afrique qui a complètement assimilé la culture occidentale, et en l’occurrence française, c’est bien ce romancier né à Kouroussa. Sa formation le mène de l’école coranique (sa famille est musulmane)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • laye — [ lɛ ] n. f. VAR. laie • 1751; « coffret » 1357; moy. néerl. laeye ♦ Mus. Partie inférieure du sommier de l orgue qui abrite aussi les soupapes. ⊗ HOM. Lai, laid, laie, lais, lait, lei (2. leu), lez. ● laye ou laie nom féminin (de laie 2) Sorte… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Camara Laye — Laye (Camara) ou Camara Laye (1928 1980) écrivain guinéen. L Enfant noir (1953) sembla stéréotypé aux critiques africains. Exilé à Dakar (1965), Laye dénonça le régime de Sékou Touré dans Dramouss (1966). Le Maître de la parole (1978) transcrit l …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Camara — oder Câmara ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abdelaziz Camara, französischer Fußballspieler Abdoulaye Camara, malischer Fußballspieler Aboubacar M Baye Camara, guineischer Fußballspieler Alcar Camara, senegalesischer Fußballspieler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camara — (Laye). V. Laye (Camara) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Camara — Camara,   Laye, guineischer Schriftsteller, Laye, Camara …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Camara Laye — Camara Laye, né le 1er janvier 1928 à Kouroussa, un village de Haute Guinée, et mort le 4 février 1980 à Dakar, est un écrivain guinéen d expression française. MWANDU MAKWAKALA BERTRAND DEVOIR DES français Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camara Laye — Infobox Writer name = Camara Laye imagesize = caption = pseudonym = birthname = birthdate = 1928 birthplace = Kouroussa, Guinea deathdate = 1980 deathplace = Dakar, Senegal occupation = nationality = Guinea/Mandé period = genre = subject =… …   Wikipedia

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