Lasso, Orlando di

▪ Flemish composer
Latin  Orlandus Lassus,  also called  Roland De Lassus 
born 1530/32, Mons, Spanish Hainaut
died June 14, 1594, Munich
 Flemish composer whose music stands at the apex of the Franco-Netherlandish style that dominated European music of the Renaissance.

      As a child he was a choirboy at St. Nicholas in Mons and because of his beautiful voice was kidnapped three times for other choirs. He was taken into the service of Ferdinand of Gonzaga, general to Charles V, and travelled with the imperial army in its French campaign in 1544. He accompanied Gonzaga to Italy in 1544, where he remained for 10 years. From 1553 to 1554 he was chapelmaster of the papal church of St. John Lateran at Rome, a post later held by Palestrina. Following a sojourn in Antwerp (1555–56), he joined the court chapel of Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria in Munich, where, except for some incidental journeys, he remained for the rest of his life. In 1570 the Emperor Maximilian raised him to the nobility; and, when Lasso dedicated a collection of his masses (1574) to Pope Gregory XIII, he received the knighthood of the Golden Spur.

      Of Lasso's more than 2,000 compositions, many appeared in print between 1555, when his first book of Italian madrigals was published in Venice, and 1604, when a posthumous collection of 516 Latin motets (motet) (religious choral works), Magnum Opus Musicum, was published by his sons. Certain volumes stand out as landmarks in his career: his first collection of motets (1556) established his mastery in a field to which he contributed all his life; a comprehensive anthology of his chansons (chanson), or French part-songs (1570), helped to consolidate his position as the leading composer in this genre. In addition to his madrigals (Italian choral pieces) and chansons, he published seven collections of lieder (German part-songs). Probably his best known work is his sombre, impressive collection of penitential psalms, Psalmi Davidis Poenitentiales (1584). Its rediscovery and edition in 1838 by S.W. Dehn initiated a revival of interest in Lasso's works.

      Lasso was a master in the field of sacred music and was equally at home in secular composition. In the latter field his internationalism is striking, encompassing Italian, French, and German genres. His religious works have a particular emotional intensity. He took great care to mirror the meaning of his texts in his music, a trait that looked forward to the Baroque style of the early 17th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LASSO, Orlando di — (1532 1594) A cosmopolitan master of all the important vocal genres of his age, Orlando di Lasso became the most published composer of the sixteenth century. He was born in Mons, the capital of the province of Hainaut in present day Belgium. By… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Orlando di Lasso — (* 1532 in Mons, Burgundische Niederlande; † 14. Juni 1594 München, Herzogtum Bayern), auch Orlande oder Roland de Lassus; auch lat. Rolandus Lassus (Orlando selbst unterschrieb oft in einer Mischform dieser Versionen) war einer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orlando di Lasso — Orlando di Lasso. Orlando di Lasso, conocido también como Orlandus Lassus, Roland de Lassus, Roland Delattre, Orlande de Lassus (1532 14 de junio de 1594) fue un compositor franco flamenco del Renacimiento tardío. Junto con Palestrina y Victoria… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lasso [2] — Lasso, Orlando di L., Roland de Latre, geb. 1530 in Mons im Hennegau, wurde als Knabe wegen seiner schönen Stimme entführt, kam in die Dienste Ferdinands Gonzaga, Vicekönigs von Neapel, welcher ihn mit nach Italien nahm u. dort für seine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lasso [2] — Lasso, Orlando di, s. Lassus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lasso [2] — Lasso, Orlando di, oder Orlandus Lassus, nächst Palestrina der größte Tonsetzer des 16. Jahrh., geb. 1520 zu Mons, 1541 – 49 Kapellmeister an der Kirche San Giovanni in Laterano in Rom, seit 1557 Kapellmeister in München, gest. das. 14. Juni… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lasso [2] — Lasso, Orlando di, oder Orlandus Lassus, nach Palestrina der berühmteste Componist seiner Zeit, geb. 1530 zu Mons, kam jung nach Italien, wo er sich in der Musik ausbildete, ward 1551 Kapellmeister bei St. Lateran in Rom, hierauf bei Herzog… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Orlando di Lasso — Roland de Lassus Roland de Lassus Orlando di Lasso, Orlande de Lassus, Roland Delattre Naissance 1532 Mons …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orlando Lassus — Roland de Lassus Roland de Lassus Orlando di Lasso, Orlande de Lassus, Roland Delattre Naissance 1532 Mons …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orlando de Lassus — Roland de Lassus Roland de Lassus Orlando di Lasso, Orlande de Lassus, Roland Delattre Naissance 1532 Mons …   Wikipédia en Français

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