Lacan, Jacques

▪ French psychologist
in full  Jacques Marie Émile Lacan 
born April 13, 1901, Paris, France
died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris

      French psychoanalyst who gained an international reputation as an original interpreter of Sigmund Freud's (Freud, Sigmund) work.

      Lacan earned a medical degree in 1932 and was a practicing psychiatrist and psychoanalyst in Paris for much of his career. He helped introduce Freudian theory into France in the 1930s, but he reached prominence only after he began conducting regular seminars at the University of Paris in 1953. He acquired celebrity status in France after the publication of his essays and lectures in Écrits (1966; Eng. trans. The Language of the Self: The Function of Language in Psychoanalysis). He founded and headed an organization called the Freudian School of Paris from 1964 until he disbanded it in 1980 for what he claimed was its failure to adhere with sufficient strictness to Freudian principles.

      Lacan emphasized the primacy of language as the mirror of the unconscious mind, and he tried to introduce the study of language (as practiced in modern linguistics, philosophy, and poetics) into psychoanalytic theory. His major achievement was his reinterpretation of Freud's work in terms of the structural linguistics developed by French writers in the second half of the 20th century. The influence he gained extended well beyond the field of psychoanalysis to make him one of the dominant figures in French cultural life during the 1970s. In his own psychoanalytic practice, Lacan was known for his unorthodox, and even eccentric, therapeutic methods.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 81)    by Alison Ross   Jacques Lacan was a French psychoanalyst most famous for his structuralist interpretation of Freudian psychoanalysis. Despite his structuralist fame his work can be divided into many different phases, including an… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 81)    by Alison Ross   Jacques Lacan was a French psychoanalyst most famous for his structuralist interpretation of Freudian psychoanalysis. Despite his structuralist fame his work can be divided into many different phases, including an… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 83) Lacan was a French psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine who reinterpreted the work of Sigmund Freud in the light of the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure . He trained at the Paris Medical Faculty, in 1963 became Chargé de… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 1981)    psychiatrist, psychoanalyst    Born in Paris, Jacques Lacan came to psychoanalysis after his thesis, Psychose paronoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personalité (1932) opened new paths to the study of psychosis. His analysis is of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901–1981) French psychoanalyst and intellectual. Lacan was director of the École Freudienne de Paris from 1963, but his influence rested more on the series of seminars that he gave at the university of Paris from 1953, and which decisively… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — See Structuralism (french) and after …   History of philosophy

  • Lacan, Jacques —   (1901 81)   see clones + cloning , cool memories , imaginary , language , psychoanalysis , other + otherness , sign and utopia …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques-Marie-Emile —    (1901–1981)    The founder of an independent school of thought within psychoanalysis, Lacan was born in Paris into an upper middle class family. As an intern at the psychiatric hospitals of the Seine department (Paris), in 1928 he spent a year …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris French psychoanalyst. A practicing psychiatrist in Paris for much of his career, Lacan emphasized the primacy of language as the mirror of the unconscious mind and introduced the study… …   Universalium

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — (13 abr. 1901, París, Francia–9 sep. 1981, París). Psicoanalista francés. Practicó la psiquiatría en París durante gran parte de su carrera. Lacan puso énfasis en la primacía del lenguaje como el espejo del inconsciente, e introdujo el estudio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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